cantonese lazy pronunciation

The reason a pronoun is called “pronoun” is because pronouns are used as substitutes for nouns, i.e. Fortunately, there are still some families who insist on proper pronunciation. “Phonetic variations and sound changes in Hong Kong Cantonese”. He expresses his attitude towards sound changes, when talking about the gradual merge of [n-] and [l-] initials in Cantonese Chinese: Regarding sound changes, we can study them objectively. The largest pronunciation dictionary in the world. Introduction In our first Cantonese grammar lesson, we’re going to cover one of the simplest, but most essential things in Cantonese - pronouns. The promotion of "proper" Cantonese Chinese pronunciation is partly a reaction to so-called "lazy sounds" adopted by the younger generations. Cheung, H. N. Xianggang Yueyu yufa de yanjiu [Cantonese as spoken in Hong Kong]. The promotion of "proper" Cantonese Chinese pronunciation is partly a reaction to so-called "lazy sounds" adopted by the younger generations. If you don’t already know, a pronoun is I, he, she, it, you, etc. the meaning of the word, typed in by our volunteer editors, guidelines on whether the word can only be used in Spoken Cantonese etc (if nothing is present the word may be used in both Cantonese and Mandarin), our arbitrarily assigned difficulty level, a smaller version of the character in a computerised, printed font, a list of each of the characters for the word, showing jyutping and meaning (if our dictionary contains that character). Starting in the 1980s, proper Cantonese pronunciation has been much promoted in Hong Kong, with the scholar Richard Ho (何文匯) as its iconic campaigner. This term is used in both Cantonese and Mandarin/Standard written Chinese. Some news reporters and masters of ceremonies in Hong Kong have adopted the "proper" pronunciations. Also, CantoDict uses a unique "asterisk (*)" convention, to show readings such as jyu 4*2.For more information please see CantoDict Tone Conventions. [1] Law et al. We are a community of learners, native speakers, and friends who share a passion for all things Cantonese. [13], This result is presented alongside a ranking of attested preceding vowels of the [-ŋ]~[-n] pair that demonstrate the process of alveolarization, from least likely to have a succeeding 'alveolarized' consonant, to most likely: ʊ = ɪ > ɔ < ɛ < ɐ < a < œ. Changes in pronunciation in Hong Kong's Cantonese pronunciation have affected the Cantonese spoken in other regions, including Guangdong (Chinese: 廣東) and Guangxi (Chinese: 廣西) Provinces. But the fact is [n-] has yet to disappear in Cantonese Chinese. (Cantonese) 1. to throw or toss 2. to beat with a fist. Back to Learn Cantonese Hong Kong Cantonese is notorious for its distortions of what some intellectuals and linguists consider the ‘proper’ way to pronounce certain words (notorious enough to spark a 正音正读 – roughly equivalent to ‘Pronounce Words Correctly’ – movement in Hong Kong). Standard and “lazy” accents were easily distinguishable to the listeners: stimuli with standard accent were rated as more formal (TC2) than those with “lazy” accent. In Hong Kong Cantonese at present, alveolarization is a more popular phenomenon than velarization, and the syllable-final alveolar consonants [-n] and [-t] tend to be preserved even when the preceding vowels prompt a tongue position that is further back. argue that syllable-final environment sound changes occur due to the tongue position at the preceding vowel, as it opts for maximum ease. I would learn words like 呢 (ni) meaning “this”, or ä½  (nei5) meaning “you”, and then when it came to speaking with natives not … things like … For beginners, we'd better use "n" instead of "l". He calls Ho's prescriptive pronunciations "demonic". These "lazy" pronunciation variants, or sound changes include: The nine attested phonetic sound changes in Hong Kong Cantonese, or "lazy sounds" in the format of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) can be tracked in the following table:[3]. Sem 1, 6 credits Course Description This course focuses on distinctive aspects of the Cantonese language as spoken in Hong Kong. It is rare for people to pronounce this with a syllable-final [-ŋ], although it still occurs, as 7.1% of adults tested by To et al. Yue dialects in other parts of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, such as Taishanese, may be considered … After all, Cantonese pronunciation has been changing ever since it diverged from its origins in Middle Chinese around 1000 AD. LING2058 Topics in Cantonese Linguistics Prof. Stephen Matthews Advanced Course. Cheung discovered that [ŋ-] can be added in syllable-initial positions preceding syllable-initial vowels [a, ɐ, ɔ, o] in standard Cantonese. The following table shows the environments where the processes of alveolarization and velarization tend to occur:[12]. CCY: 躉〔趸〕 dan 2 {dǔn} (Cantonese) 1. giant grouper (fish) 2. barge 3. buttock 4. classifier for buildings. Secondly, Cantonese and English vary in the speech rhythm used. When the changes are fixed, there is no need to restore them. Cheung (2015), This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 20:16. A final feature of "proper", older Cantonese is keeping gw and kw in words like gwok (country), whereas today gok is more commonly heard. It's not so much a "lazy" pronunciation as an actual sound merge. r/Cantonese: 你好! Fung and Robert S. Bauer. This page gives a theoretical introduction into the pronounciation of Cantonese, if you look for a guide on how to learn it, please have a look at the course teaching you the basics of Cantonese here. Hong Kong Cantonese is related to the Guangzhou dialect, and the two diverge only slightly. Contrarily, in the Sichuan dialect, [l-] is sometimes replaced by [n-], and in southern or Taiwan Mandarin, we find [-ŋ] replacing [-n], which mean dropping the ‘easier’ pronunciation. In this Cantonese pronunciation guide, we will introduce a Cantonese romanization system to you with clear pronunciation graphics and … For those who are familiar with Jyutping, please try our new Online Jyutping Input Method Compatible with sebhk added a new video: Cantonese lazy tongue pronunciation 1 Yue Chinese Nyelvtanító videó. Merging the intials /gw/ and /kw/ to /g/ and /k/ respectively when before /o/ (e.g. He also holds that the "flat" (平) and "sharp" (仄) tonal distinction in Middle Chinese is the most important feature from which modern Cantonese Chinese should not deviate, especially when reciting ancient literature (Ho 1995:151). It is the official and native language of Hong Kong, China.A similar dialect is also spoken in Macau, China.. (現在,一般年輕人錯誤的韻尾發音,主要是從小不自覺模仿播音員、藝員、長輩或朋輩的錯誤發音所造成的。幸好有些家庭堅守發音要正確的原則,這種錯誤發音才不至於擴散到整個社會,使撥亂反正仍有一線希望。) (Ho 2001:33). Variations in Cantonese pronunciation across different regions are still a major topic of discussion. This became overused and preferred for words which originally had either syllable-initial [ŋ-] or syllable-initial ∅- until at least the early 1970s. Both versions can be used and honestly, our view is that the correct pronunciation is the one that everyone … The very idea of "proper" pronunciation of Cantonese Chinese is controversial, since the concept of labeling native speakers' usage and speech in terms of correctness is not generally supported by academic linguistics. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 27(1), 120-167. On this website, we always show the "younger" pronunciation first. ‘Lazy’ pronunciation (懒音 lan yin). 's research presents that the process of co-articulation accounts for the birth of "lazy sounds". Now if [n-] and [l-] have already merged, there is nothing we can do about it. Hong Kong: Chinese Syllabic [ŋ̩] was suggested to have originated from the syllable [ŋu], while [m̩] was found in colloquial forms of dialects. "Perception and Production of Cantonese consonant endings". Recently I thought it would be fun to learn a little bit of Cantonese. The Lazy Accent In Cantonese Another thing that confused me a lot when I first started learning, was the fact that Cantonese words with “n” sounds, can also be pronounced with an “l” sound. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Zee, E. (1999). Bauer's 1979 study presenting the discovery of alveolarization (or. Speakers of the colloquial variety are essentialized as “lazy” and said to be responsible for “destroying Chinese … ), but people have told me the pronunciation seems a bit dated: … Found 1 sentences matching phrase "pronunciation".Found in 0 ms. , and rural 农…it remains "n" in Hoisanwa and I've been told that my Cantonese has Toishanese accents and usages — as opposed to more current HK standard Cantonese … The standard pronunciation of Cantonese is that of Guangzhou, also known as Canton, the capital of Guangdong Province. A friend of mine is trying to correct her n vs l sounds, and now she often over-corrects and talks about "nearning" the difference between … University of Hong Kong, 1972. Singapore: Kelly & Walsh, 1907. Ho's approach to pronunciation is prescriptive. The originally attested syllable-final velar consonants are not alveolarized when preceded by the high, front, lax vowel [ɪ] and the near-close near-back rounded vowel [ʊ]. Learn how and when to remove this template message, “Phonetic variations and sound changes in Hong Kong Cantonese”, The Association for the Promotion of Proper Cantonese Pronunciation, A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced According to the Dialect of Canton,, Articles needing translation from Chinese Wikipedia, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2008, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To et al. The "proper" readings promoted by Richard Ho are based on the fanqie spelling of Guangyun, an ancient rime dictionary reflecting the sounds of Middle Chinese. Some are seen as too informal while others are seen as having other flaws. CCY: 撉〔蹾〕 dan 3 {dÅ«n} to put something down suddenly, hitting the ground with a lot of force. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1972. “We noticed that in very common words, denasalization was taking place,” says Chow of the idea that … Cantonese is a language within the Chinese language family originating from the city of Guangzhou (also known as Canton) and its surrounding area in Southeastern China.It is the traditional prestige variety of the Yue Chinese dialect group, which has over 80 million native speakers. pronunciation translation in English-Cantonese dictionary. Beijing, China: Zhongguo Shehui Kexue Chubanshe, 1985. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. An example would be “dry” [kɔn]. One of his concerns is that Cantonese Chinese comprises six historical strata, not just the one represented by the Guangyun. This word has been viewed 1497 times since 30th Oct 2012, was added by tuan on 12th Sep 2004 03:06 and last, Remove Adverts and gain lots of extra features, traditional script font which you may need to install. Showing page 1. (e.g. More and more people are pronouncing [n-] as [l-] only because of the bad influences of some language teachers and broadcasters, who inadvertently made the mistake. The student researchers focused on so-called “lazy pronunciation” in Cantonese — more formally known as “denasalization” — where the “n” and “l” sounds at the beginning of some words are interchanged. To, Mcleod and Cheung delve deeper into these sound changes in contemporary Hong Kong Cantonese, and focus in particular on the four syllable-final consonants: [-ŋ], [-n], [-k], and [-t]. Although Hong Kongers refer to the language as "Cantonese" (廣東話), publications in mainland China describe the variant as … To, Carol K.S., Sharynne Mcleod and Pamela S.P. Cantonese speakers utilise 6 tonal patterns to convey meaning, where English speakers are not required to show … We then show the "older" pronunciation using a book symbol . "Lazy pronunciation" of the Cantonese language is said to be the kind of speaking manner adopted by the younger generations, which include the merge of initials (for example in pronouncing "naam" and "laam"), omission of the labialisation "w" in words like "gwok", and the confusion of final consonants (like pronouncing … Zee, E. Change and variation in the syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants in Hong Kong Cantonese. : the Mandarin pronunciation … CCY: 髧 dam 3 {dàn} (verb) (of hair) Drop down or sag . With 22 consonants, 8 vowels and 2 syllabic consonants and 6 tones in the language, learning Cantonese pronunciation is the first challenge faced by language learners. These "lazy" pronunciation variants, or sound changes include: Note: Young native speakers nowadays tend to use "lei5 (懶音 lazy sound)" for "ä½ nei5 (you)". We empower you to type Chinese online anytime, anywhere with any computer for free! Therefore, the wrong pronunciations have not spread (sic) to the whole society, and there is still a ray of hope to right the wrongs. This became increasingly common in the 1970s. Change and variation in the syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants in Hong Kong Cantonese. (Cantonese, Hakka) "the lazy have a lot of poop and piss" (used to refer to a lazy person or someone who makes a lot of excuses) 2008, 李雪熒、彭文, 態度決定孩子‎[1], Sing Tao Publishing, →ISBN, page 10: 「你真麻煩!懶人多屎尿!」 [Cantonese, trad.] Ball, J. D. Cantonese made easy (3rd ed.). Finally, Cantonese, unlike English, is a tonal language. TV and radio programs, including game shows, have been made to promote "proper pronunciation". In Cantonese, it usually refers to certain accents where the following occurs: Please note, CantoDict currently supports searching for Simplified Chinese, but results will be returned in Traditional Chinese. While the term Cantonese specifically refers to … For instance, talking about the "wrong" pronunciation of final consonants of the youth, he says: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, In general, today's youth pronounce the final consonants in the wrong way because they have since childhood imitated unconsciously the wrong pronunciations of the broadcasters and artists, and those of their seniors and friends. We still can, and should, correct the error. 152). When a lazy donkey is turning a grindstone, it takes a lot of time off for peeing and pooing Vote for this video or add it on your profile so you can easily access it later. Wang, L. Hanyu yuyin shi [The History of Chinese Phonology]. All the words in all the languages pronounced by native speakers I've been using the FSI courses provided on this website(BTW, I think it is amazing that a single website has so much actual structured language-learning content - props to the site owners! Movement to teach "correct" Cantonese pronunciation in Hong Kong, (現在,一般年輕人錯誤的韻尾發音,主要是從小不自覺模仿播音員、藝員、長輩或朋輩的錯誤發音所造成的。幸好有些家庭堅守發音要正確的原則,這種錯誤發音才不至於擴散到整個社會,使撥亂反正仍有一線希望。), (我們硏究語音的變化,可以客觀地研究變化的現象。變化定了,也無須刻意去回復舊觀。所以,如果現在粵音[n-]已和[l-]相混,那也沒辦法。但目前情況卻非如此,[n-]在粵音中並未消失。越來越多人所以把[n-]讀成[l-],只不過是一些把[n-]讀成[l-]的語文敎師和廣播員無意中造成的不良影響而已。現在要改正過來是絕對可以的,也是我們應該盡力去做的。). Online Cantonese Input Method is a free online Chinese typing tool using Cantonese romanization codes. Merging the syllabic nasal /ng/ to /m/. The last example in table 2 indicates that the attested [ɪŋ] sequence doesn’t change, as the position of the tongue for the high, lax, front vowel is already in close proximity to the position needed to make the velar consonants. To, Carol K.S., Sharynne Mcleod and Pamela S.P. You bet!) First appeared in speech in the early 1940s when it was found that there was a new (non-standard) pronunciation for original syllable-initial [n-]. This page shows, from top to bottom: a large version of the word in a traditional script font which you may need to install: the Cantonese pronunciation of the word in jyutping. Law, Sam-Po, Roxana S.Y. Szavazz erre a videóra, vagy add hozzá az … "Lazy" pronunciations theoretically can be more prevalent in Hong Kong than in Guangzhou, because Cantonese seems to be used much more frequently in Hong Kong, and that frequent use induces change. The campaign has also influenced the local media. do this. This phenomenon of the disappearing process of labialization in a syllable-initial environment and preceding the vowel [ɔ] was first mentioned and studied by H.N. Grammatical topics will include parts of speech in Cantonese… H.N. Cheung. The language will be viewed in its areal and historical context. Many things have been mentioned in the introduction, now you get introduced to those topics related to pronounciation in a little bit … Meanwhile, understanding that many people use "lazy sounds" is helpful.

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