dactylopius coccus costa

The cochineal insect, Dactylopius coccus Costa (Homoptera: Dactylophidae), a cottony scale that resembles a mealybug and occurs on prickly pears cacti, is known in Texas history as the scale used by American Indians to make a crimson dye which was used to paint missionary buildings, particularly in the San Antonio area. : Archéologia, Cardon, D. (1999) [Natural dyes.] Silk fabric samples were mordanted with alum [KAl(SO 4) 2.12H 2 O]. in the breeding of {Dactylopius coccus} C.] Relación entre algunas características anatómicas del nopal ({Opuntia}) sp.) O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. Cochineal scale. Inicia la visita con una explicación sobre la historia, el proceso de producción y el uso de la grana cochinilla -dura aproximadamente 45 minutos-, continúa con un recorrido en un invernadero donde se encuentran colgadas las pencas de nopal con crías del insecto que con ayuda de lupas se pueden observar, mediante una demostración explica el proceso de obtención del color y sus diferentes tonalidades y cómo se tiñen los hilos para elaborar los tapetes de lana. (1996) [Feasability of cultivating the cochineal insect in Zapotlanejo, Jalisco, Mexico.] Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835: Sinónimos; Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839 The process begins with drying cochineal female insects, which reduces the weight by 70 % Between 80 000 and 150 000 insects are required to produce 1 kg of dried cochineal. The ovarioles develop asynchronously. Type species: Dactylopius coccus Costa by subsequent designation ICZN1983:77 . Carmine is a natural colorant derived from the cochineal insect Dactylopius Coccus Costa which grows on cacti in Central and South America. The ovaries of the adult cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius coccus Costa (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) are made up of more than 400 short ovarioles of the telotrophic type. of cochineal insect ({Dactylopius} spp.). : XXXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas España, Bustamente, J.A. Dactylopius species Dactylopius coccus Name Synonyms Coccus cacti Cockerell, 1893 Pseudococcus signoreti Cockerell, 1900 Homonyms Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829 Common names cochineal in English cochineal insect in English cochineal scale in English Costa, 1835. This natural red color is actually derived from the female Dactylopius coccus costa insect. A em destaque as infestações no solo, próximo às raízes. The ovarioles develop asynchronously. Optimizing conditions for the extraction of pigments in cochineals (Dactylopius coccus Costa) using response surface methodology. A cochonilha do carmim (Dactylopius coccus, Costa) é originária do México e criada em vários países, com destaque para o Peru e outros países da América Andina, para a produção do corante natural carmim de cochonilha, de grande importância comercial. Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 18h41min de 8 de março de 2020. Protein samples were separated on an SDS gel followed by western blotting using an anti-DcUGT2 antibody. : Journal of Organic Chemistry, Alvarez, C.G., Portillo, M.L. An Dactylopius coccus in uska species han Insecta nga ginhulagway ni Costa hadton 1829. Una ning gihulagway ni Costa ni adtong 1829. Dactylopius coccus. : Journal of Plant Chromatography, Barbera, G., Inglese, P. & Pimienta Barrios, E. The activation of Dactylopius coccus (Costa) hemolymph with microbial polysaccharide molecules was studied. accepted valid name Notes: Opinion 1247 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1983) set aside previous designations … Dactylopius coccus Costa < > Family Dactylopiidae. Synonyms; Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839. The cochineal, Dactylopius coccus, is a scale insect in the family Coccidae, and is native to tropical and subtropical South America and Mexico.As a protective strategy, the cochineal produces carminic acid that deters predation by other insects, especially ants. : CACTUSNET NEWSLETTER (FAO International Technical Cooperation on Cactus), Böhmer, H. (2000) Insect dyes. & Tyman, J. Genus Dactylopius is also important because s… [104] [105] Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Then, the samples were dyed with cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) and gall oak (Quercus infectoria Olivier) shellac extracts.Optimum dyeing parameters were determined by using different concentrations of … The ovaries of the adult cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius coccus Costa (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) are made up of more than 400 short ovarioles of the telotrophic type. Silk fabric samples were mordanted with alum [KAl(SO 4) 2.12H 2 O]. : Journal of Separation Science, Aldama Aguilera, C. & Llanderal Cazares, C. (2003) [Cochineal: Comparison of production methods in cut cladodes. On the life-history and fecundity of the cochineal insect, Dactylopius austrinus De Lotto (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae), a biological control agent for the cactus Opuntia awantiaca - Volume 69 Issue 4 - V. C. Moran, B. S. Cabby Dactylopius coccus Dactylopius Key words: Cochineal, hosts, distribution, phylogeny. : CACTUSNET NEWSLETTER (FAO International Technical Cooperation on Cactus), Baranowska, I., Zydron, M. & Szczepanik, K. (2004) TLC in the analysis of food additives. (1966) Cochineal: aboriginal dyestuff from Nueva España. Author information: (1)Plant Physiology Laboratory, Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias, 38006 La Laguna, Spain. : Dugesiana, Aquino P., G., García V., A., Corona T., T. & Bárcenas O., N.M. (1994) [Chromosome study of four species of prickly pear cochineal {Dactylopius} spp. (a) Identity. : Agrociencia (Agrociencia) Texcoo, Cardon, D. (1999) Pourpre, kermès, pastel teintures précieuses de la Méditerranée. D. coccus proteins were either non-treated or deglycosylated with glycanases for different periods of time. : Agrociencia serie Fitociencia, Aquino Perez, G. & Bárcenas, N.M. (2002) Reproductive biology and genetic (genetics?) It has reportedly been used for this purpose in the Americas since the 10th century. The ovarioles consist of a germarium with six or seven nurse cells, a vitellarium with an oocyte, and pedicel. Esse ser tão pequeno é considerado a praga número 1 dos jardins e sua rápida capacidade de reprodução, faz dela realmente um problema que merece nossa atenção, se não quisermos ter nosso jardim infestado por essas minúsculas bolinhas brancas. Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829. říše Animalia - živočichové » kmen Arthropoda - členovci » třída Insecta - hmyz » řád Hemiptera - polokřídlí » čeleď Dactylopiidae » rod Dactylopius - nopálovec The FDA is well aware of this additive and requires pasteurization of the bug-derivative to eliminate Salmonella microorganisms, but that doesn’t stop this from being any less gross. NOTES 73 Direction of dispersion of cochineal (Dacfylopius coccus Costa) within the Americas LUIS C. RODR~GUEZ, MARCO A. MENDEZ & HERMANN M. NIEMEYER" Dactylopius coccus has been used in Mexico and Peru as a soiirce of natural dyes since pre-Columbian times. These insects are known commonly as cochineals, a name that also specifically refers to the best-known species, the cochineal (Dactylopius coccus). Estudio cromosomico de cuatro especies de "cochinillas del nopal" {Dactylopius} spp. These dried cochineal insects come from a small sustainable farm in Peru where it is grown on nopals. It is the only genus in the family Dactylopiidae. Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835: Sinonimia; Véxase o texto: A cochinilla, [1] [2] [3] Dactylopius coccus, é un insecto hemíptero da familia dos dactilopíidos, parasito de plantas, sendo os seus hospedeiros os nopais, [2] [4] ou chumbeiras, [2] [3] [5] (cactos do xénero Opuntia, nomeadamentemente da especie Opuntia ficus-indica). (2002) Production, transformation and sales of cochineal products made in Chile. Factibilidad del cultivo de la cochinilla del carmin en Zapotlanejo, Jalisco, Mexico. (Mexico). The carmine cochineal (Dactylopius coccus O. G. Costa, 1835) is an insect belonging to the Dactylopiidae family. L'acide carminique est obtenu à partir d'extraits aqueux, […] alcoolo-aqueux ou alcooliques de cochenille, qui est constituée de carapaces séchées de l'insecte femelle Dactylopius coccus Costa. : HALI: Carpet, Textile and Islamic Art, Calvo, C. & Salvador, A. Obtêm-se as carminas e o ácido carmínico a partir de extractos […] aquosos, aquoso-alcoólicos ou alcoólicos de cochonilha, que consiste em corpos secos de fêmeas de Dactylopius coccus Costa Carmines and carminic acid are obtained from aqueous, aqueous alcoholic […] or alcoholic extracts from Cochineal, which consists of the dried bodies of the female insect Dactylopius coccus Costa. & Scala, A. : In vitro cellular & developmental biology, Blanchard, R. (1883) [Useful coccids.] Synonyms; Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839. Dactylopius coccus Costa insects belong to the order of Hemiptera and the Dactylopiidae family comprising nine different species natively grown in North and South America (Rodríguez et al., 2001). (Eds.) red colored dye extracted from insects native to South America and Mexico that live as parasites on cactus plants Como defesa contra a predação por outros insectos, produz ácido carmínico, que extraído de seu corpo e ovos é utilizado para fazer o corante alimentício conhecido por carmesim-cochonilha ou simplesmente cochonilha. Dactylopius coccus. monica@cip.es Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829: Sinonimo; Pseudococcus signoreti Cockerell, 1900 Coccus cacti Cockerell, 1893 Dactylopius cacti auctorum, 1111. The insect, originally from Mexico or Peru, was first exported from Mexico to Europe in 1523 and was considered a very precious product. Departamento de Fitotécnia. Throughout history, it has been a coveted commodity for its brilliant performance as a textile dye, and scarce access to the resource became reason for skirmishes between feuding city-states during the time of the Medicis. For the insect itself, carminic acid has been suggested to play an important biological function by possibly intervening in the insect’s defense against several predators ( Caselín-Castro et al., 2008 ). The ovarioles consist of a germarium with six or seven nurse cells, a vitellarium with an oocyte, and pedicel. Potential production of the natural dye carminic acid. Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829. kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Arthropoda - arthropods » class Insecta - insects » order Hemiptera - bugs » family Dactylopiidae » genus Dactylopius Scientific synonyms. : Journal of the Chemical Society-Perkin Transactions, Allevi, P., Anastasia, M., Ciuffreda, P., Fiecchi, A. Dactylopius coccus Costa samples were obtained from the city of Loja, Ecuador. : Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, Brana, D.D. The insect, originally from Mexico or Peru, was first exported from Mexico to Europe in 1523 and was considered a very precious product. y el establecimiento de la cochinilla ({Dactylopius coccus})C.: Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Chapingo, Mex. Cochineal is derived from the insect Dactylopius coccus Costa (shown in the picture), which become red through a diet of red cactus berries. Optimizing conditions for the extraction of pigments in cochineals (Dactylopius coccus Costa) using response surface methodology. Ang Dactylopius coccus sakop sa kahenera nga Dactylopius sa kabanay nga Dactylopiidae. The insect produces carminic acid that deters predation by other insects. O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) For ground cochineal look here. cochonilha. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) is considered one of the main sources of natural coloring worldwide; therefore, it has been introduced into several countries for commercial exploitation. Costa, 1835. ... Dactylopius coccus is unique among the species of Dactylopius by having most clusters of wide rimmed quinquelocular pores without tubular ducts, by having slender dorsal … (1) The color additive cochineal extract is the concentrated solution obtained after removing the alcohol from an aqueous-alcoholic extract of cochineal (Dactylopius coccus costa (Coccus cacti L.)). [1], https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dactylopius_coccus&oldid=57736635, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons. No nordeste brasileiro foi introduzida a cochonilha-do-carmim D. opuntiae que . Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. Textiles can be mordanted previously for better results and deeper colour. An Dactylopius coccus in nahilalakip ha genus nga Dactylopius , ngan familia nga Dactylopiidae . Hemolymph incubated in the presence of laminarin, zymosan, and N-acetyl glucosamine produced a dark fibrillar precipitated, and the red pigment (carminic acid) was consumed (measured spectrophotometrically at 495 nm). Espesye sa insekto ang Dactylopius coccus . As cochonilhas (Dactylopius coccus) são pequenos insetos parasitas que medem de 3 a 5 milímetros de comprimento. Espesye sa insekto ang Dactylopius coccus . Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) is considered one of the main sources of natural coloring worldwide; therefore, it has been introduced into several countries for commercial exploitation. (1998) Synthesis of carminic acid, the colourant principle of cochineal. (2000) Use of natural colorants in food gels. Influence of composition of gels on their colour and study of their stability during storage. (1987) A simple transformation of carminic acid into kermesic acid. Dactylopius coccus Costa, produz a melhor qualidade do carmim, por isso é uma das espécies de cochonilha mais apreciada para a criação (FLORES e TEKELENBURG, 1992). We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. O termo carmim é usado mundialmente para descrever complexos formados a partir do … Nowadays many industries want to replace synthetic dyes by natural, due to its harmful effects and the high contamination of the environment. Cochineal is the name used to describe both the colour and its raw material source, the dried pregnant females of Dactylopius species of insects, especially D. coccus Costa. : American Dyestuff Reporter, Ackacha, M.A., Polec-Pawlak, K. & Jarosz, M. (2003) Identification of anthraquinone coloring matters in natural red dyestuffs by high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet and electrospray mass spectrometric detection. Diaprosteci Costa 1828: 7. unavailable name that is placed Dactylopius Costa 1829: 16. Here we show that a membrane-bound C-glucosyltransferase, isolated from D. coccus and designated DcUGT2, catalyzes the glucosylatio … Les teintures naturelles. Description. The DcUGT2 from Dactylopius coccus is a glycoprotein. Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835 é um pequeno hemíptero do grupo das cochonilhas, originário do México, com apenas de 3 a 5 milímetros de comprimento corporal e coloração acastanhada ou amarela, que se alimenta parasitando a seiva de cactos. Dactylopius coccus (o la cochenilha per antonomasia), es un insècte emiptèr de la superfamilha Coccoidea, d'ont deriva lo carmin.Son d'insèctes que vivon dins los nopals, cactus del genre Opuntia, ne chucant la saba.Son originaris d'America del Sud e Mexic. (1995) Agro-ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear. Nowadays a large part of the cochineal comes from Peru where it grows in nature as well as on plantations due to the ideal climate of the country. Insects of the genus Dactylopius Costa, the cochineals, and their cacti hosts Opuntia, Nopalea, Cylindropuntia and Grusonia, are endemic to the American Continent (Britton & Rose 1963, Bravo-Hollis & Sánchez-Mejorada 1978, Brummitt & Powell 1992, Anderson 2001). a Non-treated D. coccus soluble protein and microsomes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Abrahams, D.H. & Edelstein, S.M. & Vigueras, G.A.L. Direction of dispersion of cochineal (Dacfylopius coccus Costa) within the Americas LUIS C. RODR~GUEZ, MARCO A. MENDEZ & HERMANN M. NIEMEYER" Dactylopius coccus has been used in Mexico and Peru as a soiirce of natural dyes since pre-Columbian times. The cochineal, Dactylopius coccus, is a scale insect in the family Coccidae, and is native to tropical and subtropical South America and Mexico.As a protective strategy, the cochineal produces carminic acid that deters predation by other insects, especially ants. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. (1) The color additive cochineal extract is the concentrated solution obtained after removing the alcohol from an aqueous-alcoholic extract of cochineal (Dactylopius coccus costa (Coccus cacti L.)).The coloring principle is chiefly carminic acid. Dactylopius coccus Costa (cochineal) is … Author information: (1)Plant Physiology Laboratory, Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias, 38006 La Laguna, Spain. En una pequeña área muestran … Una ning gihulagway ni Costa ni adtong 1829. O cochonilha (Dactylopius coccus Costa), também chamado de cochonilha de pera espinhosa, carmim cochonilha ou grana, é um inseto hemíptero parasitário que pertence à família Dactylopiidae. Then, the samples were dyed with cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) and gall oak (Quercus infectoria Olivier) shellac extracts.Optimum dyeing parameters were determined by using different concentrations of these natural colorants. : Food Hydrocolloids, Campos Figueroa, M. & Llanderal Cazares, C. (2003) Greenhouse production of cochineal insect {Dactylopius coccus}(Homoptera: Dactylopiidae). : FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper, Barcenas, N.M. & Aquino, G. (1997) In vitro culture of {Dactylopius coccus} Costa (Homoptera Dactylopiidae). (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae). Dactylopius coccus O. Costa, 1829 is accepted in this catalogue, as the currently accepted name of the cochineal insect, while Coccus sativus Lancry, 1791 and Coccus mexicanus Lamarck, 1801, are regarded as nomina oblita that are synonymous with Dactylopius coccus. Dactylopius is a genus of insect in the superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects. Formulação orgânica eficiente para controle de Cochonilha (Dactylopius coccus) em plantas ornamentais: estudo de caso em Hibiscus rosa–sinensis L. e Alberi Gilberto Braga, Marco Antônio Costa cio Rocha FIGURA 2: Fotografia destacando a infestação de cochonilha. The UV-Vis absorption and conductivity properties of the organic sample cochineal ( Dactylopius coccus Costa) were modified by using it as a reducing agent in the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. What is cochineal. [1]Estes insectos coñécense comunmente como cochinillas, [2] [3] nome que tamén se refire especificamente á súa especie máis coñecida, a cochinilla (Dactylopius coccus). Carmine powder is a natural colorant derived from the shell of the female cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus Costa). Valid Names Results Dactylopius Costa 1829 (Dactylopiidae) Nomenclatural History . Cochineal is a red dye called carmine (E 120) or carminic acid that is obtained from the dried bodies of female cochineal insects (Dactylopius coccus Costa insects) 1).Cochineal extract [carmine (E 120) or carminic acid] is used directly in food and is also processed further to carmines. Nome binomial Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835 Sinónimos. Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758; Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839; Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835 é um pequeno hemíptero do grupo das cochonilhas, originário do México, com apenas de 3 a 5 milímetros de comprimento corporal e coloração acastanhada ou amarela, que se alimenta parasitando a seiva de cactos. High quality cochineal with a high content of carminic acid. Dactylopius coccus é uma espécie endêmica do continente americano, especificamente da América do Norte. Les coccides utiles. O ácido carmínico é obtido a partir de extratos […] aquosos, aquoso-alcoólicos ou alcoólicos de cochonilha, que consiste em corpos secos de fêmeas de Dactylopius coccus Costa. Organic & fair trade directly from the farm! The cochineal (/ ˌ k ɒ tʃ ɪ ˈ n iː l / KOTCH-ih-NEEL, / ˈ k ɒ tʃ ɪ n iː l / KOTCH-ih-neel; Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived. The coloring principle is chiefly carminic acid. Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae. Common name. The cochineal is an insect of economic and historical importance as a main source of the red dye carmine. Today, cochi-neal is reared for marketing purposes in Peru, the Canary Islands, Chile, Bolivia, South Africa, Argentina, Mexico and Ecuador. Dactylopius includes 10 children: Dactylopius austrinus De Lotto 1974; Dactylopius bassi (Targioni Tozzetti 1867) Dactylopius ceylonicus; Dactylopius coccus Costa 1829; Dactylopius confertus De Lotto 1974; Dactylopius confusus (Cockerell 1893) Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell 1896) (Cochineal scale) Dactylopius salmianus De Lotto 1974 Carminic acid, a glucosylated anthraquinone found in scale insects like Dactylopius coccus, has since ancient times been used as a red colorant in various applications. This was done in a straightforward way in order to allow its possible application in organic devices. A dos dactilopíidos (Dactylopiidae) é unha familia de insectos hemípteros da superfamilia dos cocoideos, que comprende un único xénero, Dactylopius. Abstract: One of the colorants with the greatest number of commercial uses is obtained from the haemolymph of the insect known as carmine cochineal Dactylopius coccus Costa. of the insect known as carmine cochineal Dactylopius coccus Costa. monica@cip.es A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Dactylopius, and the disjoint A natural, bright red dye obtained from the body of the female insects Dactylopius coccus Costa (formerly Coccus cacti) that live on nopal cactus (Cactus oputia or C. coccinilifera) in Mexico, the Canary Islands, and in Central and South America.Cochineal was imported to Europe as early as 1540 where it quickly replaced kermes as the primary red dyestuff. ]: Agrociencia (Agrociencia) Texcoo, Allevi, P., Anastasia, M., Bingham, S., Ciuffreda, P., Fiecchi, A., Cighetti, G., Muir, M. Scala, A. Predators: Leucopis (fly); Hyperaspis (beetle) Note that, unlike with the Sagebrush Mealybug, only predators but no parasitoids have been found attacking Dactylopius, possibly because the carminic acid produces … Dactylopius coccus (sau coșenila pronunțat [kɒtʃɨˈniːl]) este o insectă din ordinul Hemiptera, subordinul Sternorrhyncha, din care este derivat colorantul crimson natural, carmin.Un parazit pimar nativ la tropice și subtropice în America de Sud și Mexic, această insectă trăiește pe cactușii din genul Opuntia, hrânindu-se din seva și nutrienții plantei. González M(1), Méndez J, Carnero A, Lobo MG, Afonso A. Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835 é um pequeno hemíptero do grupo das cochonilhas, originário do México, com apenas de 3 a 5 milímetros de comprimento corporal e coloração acastanhada ou amarela, que se alimenta parasitando a seiva de cactos. The insects, which were found in the tuna (fruit) of Opuntia ficus-indica, secrete a white and cottony substance that serves to protect them from external, environmental conditions. (a) Identity. (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae).] Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829: Sinonimo; Pseudococcus signoreti Cockerell, 1900 Coccus cacti Cockerell, 1893 Dactylopius cacti auctorum, 1111. Ang Dactylopius coccus sakop sa kahenera nga Dactylopius sa kabanay nga Dactylopiidae. (1964) A new method for the analysis of ancient dyed textiles. O principal constituinte da cochonilha e responsável pelo poder tintorial do corante é o ácido carmínico, uma substância extraída a partir das fêmeas dessecadas do inseto Dactylopius coccus (Costa). : Pour la Science, Castillo Valadez, J.J. (1993) [Relation between some morphological characteristics of {Opuntia} spp. González M(1), Méndez J, Carnero A, Lobo MG, Afonso A.

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