California Lilac, Mountain Lilac, Wild Lilac, Buckbrush, Blueblossom (Ceanothus) Ceanothus, commonly known as California Lilac, offers almost everything a gardener could wish for in a shrub: free-flowering, lovely foliage, ease of cultivation, drought and salt tolerance. It should grow up to 4 metres in height making it a nice small tree. It can mound up to about a metre in height but in general keeps very low to the ground especially if grown in unfavourable ground and crowded out by other plants. Ceanothus griseus 'Diamond Heights' - H4, spring flowers, ground cover to 30cm, yellow lime green leaves with dark green centre This fast-growing variety is hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10. Types of Ceanothus Cultural Requirements. Ceanothus 'Cascade' - H4, summer flowers, height to 4m, light blue 8cm long flower panicles For the evergreen varieties for most parts of the UK they tend to be hardy and not suffer any damage above -5°C. Ceanothus varieties are native to North America, particularly the western coastal states, and prefer a Mediterranean climate with dry summers and well-drained soil. Touch the products for details or to Buy In Store. Being drought tolerant and low growing this is a useful plant for pots in a sunny position. Ceanothus, commonly known as California Wild Lilac, can be found in many different plant communities throughout California. There are several different types of California lilac, and the hardiest of all is 'Gloire de Versaille'. Ceanothus are at their best when blooming in late spring or mid-summer. “Ray Hartman” (Ceanothus "Ray Hartman") is a hybrid of Ceanothus arboreus and Ceanothus griseus that grows 12 to 18 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide. “Carmel Creeper” (Ceanothus griseus horizontalis "Carmel Creeper") grows 1 to 3 feet high with a spread to 4 feet. Full sun, good drainage, and very little summer water. As with all Ceanothus they benefit from growing in a sheltered spot such as next to a wall. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As PlantPost specialises in evergreen plants I have not listed any of the deciduous varieties that lose their leaves in the winter. El ceanothus está entre las plantas con mayor demanda en los centros de jardinería. This is an about average size shrub growing to 1.5 metres high and produces racemes of Late spring flowers. It has spiky clusters of light- to dark-blue flowers and glossy, green leaves. Chaney graduated from the University of Arizona in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts in English. We already divide the ceanothus between evergreen and deciduo, another point that will not help when pruning is definite when they bloom, in spring or at the end of summer? Full sun to part shade - hardiness varies - most are Zone 7-8, 0-20f "Carmel Creeper" can be used in both coastal and inland areas, and it tolerates some shade and irrigation. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus, known as blueblossom or blue blossom ceanothus, is an evergreen shrub in the genus Ceanothus that is endemic to Oregon and California. Ceanothus 'Dark Star' - H4, spring flowers of blue purple colour, height to 2.5m They bloom in the spring, forming large clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers that attract bees and other beneficial insects. Ceanothus ‘Blue Cushion’ – evergreen and with darker blue flowers than the other types of Ceanothus, this plant will definitely stand out in your garden. Graham Rice has an excellent write up on the variegated ceanothus he has grown. 3.1 Pruning Californian lilac (evergreen ceanothus) Advertisement. These tough plants do poorly when pampered. Tuxedo (Ceanothus) With unique leaves that are shiny and almost black in color, this type of lilac has a bushy look and medium blue petals that grow in clusters up to three inches long. This spring flowerer produces deeper blue flowers in April to May time. Ceanothus (Ceanothus spp.) As far as my research goes the hardiest cultivar is 'Blue Sapphire' being given an RHS hardiness rating of H5 which should mean the plant can take short periods as low as -15°C. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus: Blueblossom Easily the most popular native Ceanothus, recognized for seas of bright blue flowers that are typically humming with bees when blooming. The larger ceanothus varieties are small trees. Many are native to California, some endemic to Sonoma County. Typical green foliage about 4cm long and lilac blue flowers in spring to summer time. “Julia Phelps” (Ceanothus "Julia Phelps") grows 4 to 7 feet tall, with a spread of 7 to 9 feet. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or find out how to manage cookies. It has a profuse show of dark, indigo-colored flowers and small, dark green leaves with serrated edges. Apr 14, 2017 - Types of Ceanothus. horizontalis 'Yankee Point' aka Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point', Ceanothus griseus var. The exception to the spring to summer flowering rule for Ceanothus is the sport 'Autumnal Blue' that flowers in Summer to early Autumn and can be seen with flowers in October. There are also a few deciduous varieties of Ceanothus, such as Ceanothus x Pallidus 'Perle Rose' illustrated below left, which have delicate, attractive pale pink flowers from mid-summer to early Autumn. Not as vigourous as non-variegated variants but can potentially grow to 2.5m. I don't grow this one myself but it purports to eventually grow to about 2.5 metres. Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since 2002. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Ceanothus dentatus - H4, spring flowers, height to 1.5m However, it is not the hardiest of plant so could need protection in winter. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. There is a large number of Ceanothus varieties but this article sticks to the ones popular and common in the UK. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark' is again typical of what you would expect and performs similarly to most other California lilacs. This variety is unusual not just for its late flowering but for the reddish colour of the stems, particularly the new growth. Ceanothus 'Italian Skies' - H4, spring flowers, height to 1.5m I have grown a variety in different locations including sheltered sunny positions to more exposed north facing locations and never suffered any cold damage. Ceanothus 'Delight' - H4, spring flowers, height to 3m The buds start to show in early April with a reddish tinge, as pictured. Victoria is relatively fast growing with smallish green leaves. Ceanothus varieties are native to North America, particularly the western coastal states, and... Low-Growing Shrubs. “Louis Edmunds” (Ceanothus griseus "Louis Edmunds") is much wider than it is tall, with a height of 4 to 6 feet and a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Ceanothus 'Puget Blue' - H4, spring to summer flowers, height to 2.5m Ceanothus 'Blue Sapphire' (PBR) - H5, hardiest, bronze tint to leaves, flowers spring, height to 1.5m It makes a good bank cover and is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. This variety is also H4 hardy and it needs to be planted in a sheltered spot on light well-drained soil. The Plant List includes 219 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ceanothus.Of these 62 are accepted species names. If you live in a more northerly or exposed part of the UK then this might be a more suitable choice. The Creeping blueblossom is another low growing Ceanothus which stays under 1 metre in height. You can see the tiny buds in the image as a pale lavender colour. The genus includes over 60 shrubs, prostrate or mounding, often from 1-6 ft. high, although native C. arboreus and C. thrysiflorus can become small trees up to 18-20 ft. tall. Colour variation comes in the form of the variegated sports that can have leaf colours of a white cream, lime green and pale yellow on a mid to dark green leaf. Skylark is one of the larger California lilacs growing to 2.5m and can spread over a similar area. The coverage of spring flowers is quite dense, typical of California lilac and quite a show. Growth rate: moderate/fast Ultimate height and spread: 150-300cm Hardiness: Moderately hardy C. coeruleus) extendidas tan lejos al sur como Guatemala. Watch Queue Queue Flowers are produced over the spring to summer period and are of a lightish blue hue. Ceanothus 'Concha' - H4, spring flowers, height to 4m Evergreen leaves are dark green on the upper surface, lighter green beneath. Ceanothus ‘Autumnal Blue’ – This is a much taller variety of Ceanothus, growing to around 3m in height. griseus, Carmel Ceanothus, Yankee Point California Lilac, Yankee Point Carmel Creeper, Yankee Point Wild Lilac Unusual for Ceanothus this variegated sport is only rated to -5°C which is equivalent to an RHS H3 rating. Excellent pollen source for beneficial insects. I have created a list of some of the best Ceanothus to buy in the UK and provided Ceanothus pictures where possible. It is an all round good performing groundcover Ceanothus for the UK remaining evergreen and never having suffered any damage from freezing weather. They seem just as hardy again rated at H4 to -10°C and probably the best of the variegated California lilac cultivars. We will divide the two ceanothus bushes into these two types to talk about their pruning. Watch Queue Queue. Both evergreen and deciduous varieties of Ceanothus are available for growing as ornamental flowering plants. A large shrub, 8 ft and taller, with glossy evergreen leaves bright blue flowers in spring and throughout the summer. jepsonii is a serpentine endemic found in one area just north of San Francisco, while closer to the coast and under more summer fog C. decornutus is another highly restricted serpentine endemic ( Parker, 2014 ). Ceanothus is a large genus of diverse, versatile and beautiful North American species in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae. Ceanothus is a genus of about 50-60 flowering shrubs (up to 3 meters) and small trees (up to 7 meters) that bear fragrant blue, pink, white or lilac flowers. The picture was taken in the UK in April and will soon start to open to show the pale lilac blue flowers. Nonetheless it is grown for the brightly coloured foliage that stands out like a beacon against plainer coloured leaves. Her horticultural experience working in the nursery industry informs her garden articles, especially those dealing with arid landscaping and drought-tolerant gardening. There are a number of Ceanothus varieties in the UK and some of the more commonly available ones are good value shrubs offering year round evergreen foliage and a profusion of blossom in the flowering season. rigidus (Nutt.) Understanding their pruning guidelines is essential -- missteps put an end to flowering and regrowth. Low-growing ceanothus varieties work well on slopes where an erosion-preventing ground cover is desired, or cascading over walls. Life Expectancy of the Kangaroo Paw Flower. Plants in very rich garden soil grow fast but are shorter lived. The term 'Californian lilac' is also applied to this and other varieties of ceanothus, though it is not closely related to Syringa, the true lilac.
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