It is taken internally in the treatment of lung complaints, dysentery, heart burn and weak stomach[222, 257]. As the tree ages, the bark turns gray/brown and develops shallow furrows and fibrous flat-top ridges. Sap - obtained from next to the bark and used as a refreshing drink[105, 161, 177]. You’ll get some excellent shelter poles from the young, smaller sucker basswood trees that grow from the base since these sucker trees develop as straight, tall, flexible “branches.” So when you’re on the lookout for fallen branches, count on the sucker basswood trees and you’ll have a sh… FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers are suspended from papery bracts that look like leaves. 2. 1. caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through 9. var. Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals. Basswood is a prized wood that is relatively soft, works exceptionally well when tooling and is valued for hand carving. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Central and Eastern N. America - New Brunswick to Florida, west to Texas and Manitoba. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. They can be added to salads. The white wood is excellent for turning and carving, it is used for making woodenware such as spoons, cheap furniture, pulp etc[46, 82, 171, 227, 229]. A sprouting standard sending up shoots from the base [1-2]. Kin to little leaf linden. Bark develops ridges at maturity, branches are upright and can be pruned into a hedge or otherwise growing to about 60 ft. Littleleaf Linden trees are native to Europe where they are found in natural ancient woodlands and can be long-lived with some specimens as old as 800 years. The common name of basswood is derived from bastwood, in reference to the tough inner bark (bast) which has been used to make rope and mats. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. They are sweet and fragrant. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. The flowers are used as a tea substitute. The American linden has large hairless leaves and hairless flower stalks as contrasted with the Southern basswoods (Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana), white basswood (T. heterophylla)). The bark is initially dark green and shiny, developing to a grayish color with deep furrows. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). If you plant your basswoods in the Autumn, make sure to put a 2-inch layer of hardwood bark mulch around the seedling to prevent frost heave in the winter. Mature heights range from 75 to 130 feet (23-40 m) with CAROLINA BASSWOOD (Tilia caroliniana) Texas native linden that grows wild in East and South Central Texas. A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Interesting Facts: The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. Basswood is good browse and buds are important for birds and deer in winter. BARK: gray, furrowed with age; smooth grayish green when young; FORM: medium to large tree, 70-80’ x 2-3’ dbh; HABITAT: moist, fertile, well drained sites Caswell Co., NC 5/21/10. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antispasmodic Demulcent Diaphoretic Diuretic Ophthalmic Poultice Sedative VermifugeA tea made from the inner bark is applied to burns - it soothes and softens the skin. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Tilia americana is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. var s = '' ... Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. They are highly shade-tolerant according to another report. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 8 through 1. caroliniana ) is found from Oklahoma to North Carolina and south to Florida. Carolina basswood (var. Landscape Uses:Pollard, Screen, Specimen, Street tree. Wood - soft, straight grained, light, weak, not durable, easily worked, resistant to splitting, it holds nails badly, holds glue, paint and lacquer well, seasons well but shrinks considerably. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. caroliniana) Carolina Basswood, currently considered a variety of American Basswood, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, occasional in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont of North Carolina.
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