esperanto supersigned letters

Quite commonly, however, people will use the aitch as in house strategy used in English. Hard ⟨c⟩ is read as k, ⟨qu⟩ as kv, ⟨w⟩ as v, ⟨x⟩ as ks, and ⟨y⟩ as j if a consonant, or as i if a vowel. Dead-circumflex followed by a consonant may or may not work for ĉ ĝ ĥ ĵ ŝ; and if nothing else avails, ù is a tolerable if imperfect approximation for ŭ. It can be slow to constantly click through the menus to place those letters in the midst of a typing spree, but it results in authentic Esperanto characters! Another possibility is to use a spelling alphabet (literuma alfabeto), which substitutes ordinary words for letters. Quotation marks show the greatest variety of any punctuation. In the Brazilian ABNT2 keyboard, the dead circumflex has its own key together with dead tilde ("shift-~"), near the "Enter" key. The following words are sometimes seen:[5]. Aux, for example, is a word in both languages (aŭ in Esperanto). J transcribes two allophonic sounds, consonantal [j] (the English y sound) and vocalic [i̯].[1]. Franko Luin, Esperanto's designer, on this typeface: Esperanto has a lot in common with classic typefaces, and newer interpretations of the classics. There are several ad hoc workarounds used in email or on the internet, where the proper letters are often not supported, as seen also in non-ASCII orthographies such as German. As with Zamenhof, vowels stand for themselves, but it follows the international standard of placing vowel e after a consonant by default (be, ce, de, ge), but before sonorants (el, en) and voiceless fricatives (ef, es). Typing Esperanto's special letters Supersigned letters are shown by a following '^'. This can be done using Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator or by using a layout provided for this purpose, e.g. Other spelling differences appear when Esperanto spelling is based on the pronunciation of English names which have undergone the Great Vowel Shift, as in Brajtono for Brighton. The vowel a is used for ⟨h⟩ and the voiceless plosives ⟨p⟩, ⟨t⟩, ⟨k⟩, after the international names ha for ⟨h⟩ and ka for ⟨k⟩; the French name ĵi is used for ⟨ĵ⟩, the Greek name ĥi (chi) for ⟨ĥ⟩, and the English name ar for ⟨r⟩. [neutrality is disputed]. Glyphs. You set up key combinations for the accented Esperanto letters in your usual keyboard arrangement. [2] Beside the dual use of ⟨j⟩, allophony is found in place assimilation of /m/ and /n/, the latter of which for example is frequently pronounced [ŋ] before g and k. Phonemic change is perhaps limited to voicing assimilation, as in the sequence kz of ekzemplo, ('(An) example') which is frequently pronounced /ɡz/. Esperanto was designed by Franko Luin and published by Linotype. A few English words like "auxiliary" and "Euxine" can also suffer from such search-and-replace routines. Online Esperanto keyboard to type a text with the special characters. Esperanto is written in a Latin-script alphabet of twenty-eight letters, with upper and lower case. Please familiarise yourself with our Guidelines for posting and consult our Privacy Policy to ensure that you're happy with how we use your information. Zamenhof simply tacked an -o onto each consonant to create the name of the letter, with the vowels representing themselves: a, bo, co, ĉo, do, e, fo, etc. Licensing. Non-Esperantized names are given an Esperanto approximation of their original pronunciation, at least by speakers without command of the original language. The proximate particle ĉi used with correlatives, such as ĉi tiu 'this one' and ĉi tie 'here', may be poetically used with nouns and verbs as well (ĉi jaro 'this year', esti ĉi 'to be here'), but if these phrases are then changed to adjectives or adverbs, a hyphen is used: ĉi-jare 'this year', ĉi-landa birdo 'a bird of this land'.[12]. Esperanto Alphabet Today I will teach you the Esperanto alphabet. The remaining six have diacritic marks, ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ, and ŭ (that is, c, g, h, j, and s circumflex, and u breve). [13] This is the most convenient method for most people because it allows you to type both Esperanto and your ethnic language in the same document without needing to change the layout. Some keyboards with dead keys are: Another option is to use a keyboard layout that supports the Compose key (usually mapped to the right alt or to one of the windows keys). Je kunt zonder taalproblemen bellen, skypen, twitteren, schrijven of mailen met een Japanner, Rus, Braziliaan of Iraniër. In the US International keyboard, the dead circumflex is over the "6" key ("shift-6") and the dead breve is hidden over the "9" key ("altgr-shift-9"). The keyboard layout options can be modified under System Preferences. There are no strict rules, however; speakers may try for greater authenticity, for example by pronouncing the g and u in Changzhou: Ĉangĝoŭ /t͡ʃaŋɡd͡ʒou̯/. Esperanto versions of braille and Morse code include the six diacritic letters. With ordinal numerals, the adjectival a and accusative n may be superscripted: 13a or 13a (13th). Best Value. The letter v stands for either v or w of other languages. More about this family. A similar tool is Ek, and is available without charge. 10. How do I type the supersigned Esperanto letters (Mac / iOS)? Not all letters are equivalent to their English values, and several ligatures are added for grammatical inflections and for a few grammatical words. This glossary may be freely copied and distributed. One need only select their newly created palette and click a letter, and that letter will be on their system clipboard waiting to be pasted into the document. Similarly, British users may use the Irish Extended layout, which differs from the ABC Extended keyboard layout in several ways (preserving the simple option+vowel method of applying acute accents, important for the Irish language, and the £ sign on shift-3 like the UK layout), but uses the same "dead-keys" for modifiers as ABC Extended for Esperanto characters. The digraphs are now nearly always correctly sorted after their single-letter counterparts; for example. For those who consider /d͡z/ to be a phoneme, Esperanto contains one digraph, ⟨dz⟩. It is also used for Russian-style syllabic acronyms, such as the name ReVo for Reta Vortaro ("Internet Dictionary"), which is homonymous with revo (dream). LeftWin.[14]. Esperanto contains 12 styles and family package options. xkb comes with the option "Adding Esperanto supersigned letters" like "esperanto:qwerty" which is easily accessible at least in KDE in the keyboard config dialog. Een basiswoordenlijst van het Esperanto. Alex Miller demonstrates how you can type in Esperanto using a standard QWERTY English keyboard. In de benaming van de getallen is de volgorde van de cijfernamen dezelfde als de volgorde van de cijfers van het getal.. De cijfernamen zijn: nulo (0), unu (1), du (2), tri (3), kvar (4), kvin (5), ses (6), sep (7), ok (8), naŭ (9) dek (10). If one wants to use a text editor that is Esperanto-compatible, make sure it supports Unicode, as do Editplus (UTF-8) and UniRed. The options to choose are "Adding Esperanto circumflexes (supersigno)" and the appropriate keyboard layout (Qwerty or Dvorak). So, for example, Winchester (the English city) is pronounced (and may be spelled) Vinĉester /vint͡ʃester/, as Esperanto ŭ tends not to be found at the beginning of words. On French and Belgian keyboards, the same dead key (the one right of, Amiketo is a software supporting the Esperanto alphabet for, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:15. Its alphabet contains 28 letters, six of which are unique to it: Ĉ , Ĝ , Ĥ , Ĵ , Ŝ and Ŭ . By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use. Zamenhof took advantage of the fact that typewriters for the French language (which, in his lifetime, was still a kind of international lingua franca for educated people) possess a dead key for the circumflex and umlaut/diaeresis diacritics: thus, anyone who could avail himself of a French typewriter could type ĉ ĝ ĥ ĵ ŝ and their uppercase counterparts with no problem. There is a proposed manual alphabet as part of the Signuno project. If you follow everything provided in this page, you will be able to read, write and pronounce the Esperanto letters quickly and easily. Swedish Esperantists using Mac OS X can use the Finnish Extended layout, which comes with the OS. "Letter" is the equivalent to Letero in Esperanto, and I’m pretty sure you’ve heard it many times before already. In handwritten Esperanto, the diacritics pose no problem. Geographic names diverge from English especially for the English x, w, qu and gu, as in Vaŝingtono "Washington, D.C.", Meksiko "Mexico", or Gvatemalo "Guatemala". Each letter in Esperanto has only one pronunciation (allowing for cultural variation), and no letters are silent. An Esperanto braille magazine, Aŭroro, has been published since 1920. Esperanto Alphabet. 12. The question mark (?) Een veelvoorkomend probleem is het typen van Esperanto-letters. The 28-letter alphabet is: There are also work-arounds such as approximating the circumflexes with carets. So I need also the german umlauts. Are you wondering how to say "Letter" in Esperanto ? Ek uses the cx keying function to produce ĉ. Definition of esperanto The original method of working around the diacritics was developed by the creator of Esperanto himself, L. L. Zamenhof. Esperanto contains 26 letters (consonants and vowels). For X11 and KDE, it's only necessary to switch to a keyboard layout that has Latin dead keys (for example, the "US International" keyboard), whenever the user wants to write in Esperanto. There are two alternative orthographies in common use, which replace the circumflex letters with either h digraphs or x digraphs. For example, ŝ is represented by sh, as in shi for ŝi (she), and shanco for ŝanco (chance). Esperanto. How to enable typing in Esperanto. Here's the link to the full lesson: https://youtu.be/bLx5hLag6WQ I don’t think anyone could have imagined that technology would “evolve” in such a way that it would no longer be possible to easily type them. [8][9] A few people have also proposed using "vx" instead of "ux" for ŭ to resolve this problem, but this variant of the system is rarely used. Many popular e-mail clients support Unicode, so one can happily use the tools described above to write e-mails using the Esperanto alphabet. : Community / Forum / Introduction", http://support.microsoft.com/kb/258824/en-us, Esperanto GKOS keyboard for Android phones/tablets, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Esperanto_orthography&oldid=983711210, Articles needing additional references from October 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Esperanto-language text, Articles with minor POV problems from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pages in category "Esperanto letters" The following 6 pages are in this category, out of 6 total. Available in, How to type in Esperanto in Linux, Donald Rogers, Esperanto sub la Suda Kruco, p 8-11, Sep 2010, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Tajpi - Esperanto Keyboard for Windows 2000 / XP / Vista / 7 / 8, Esperanto keyboard layout for Microsoft Windows, download an Esperanto keyboard layout package, one based on typing an x after the letter, http://bertilow.com/pmeg/gramatiko/oa-vortecaj_vortetoj/liternomoj.html, "Akademio de Esperanto: Oficialaj Informoj 6 - 2007 01 21", Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/2012-12-31/Interview, "Unicoding the Esperanto Wikipedia (Part 3 of 4)", "lernu! It will work with most programs but there are some that it is not compatible with. In OS X it is also possible to create one's own keyboard layouts, so it is relatively easy to have more convenient mappings, like for example one based on typing an x after the letter. English You can contact me by letter / e-mail if you require any further information. Mostly based on European languages (French, German, Polish and Russian), it is written with a modified version of the Latin alphabet, and is very regular in its forms. Esperanto Cyrillic (Есперанто-цирила) During the Soviet era (1922-1991), esperantists often used a version of the Cyrillic alphabet to write Esperanto, as few had typewriters with Latin letters. Esperanto. Well, when Zamenhof was creating Esperanto, he had no problem typing any of these letters on his typewriter. People have been using surrogate alphabets since Esperanto's early days, so you could use one of them. Finnish has the same alphabet and type layout as Swedish; the Finnish Extended layout adds functionality just like ABC Extended, only using other key combinations (the breve appears when one types |⌥ Option+y and the circumflex when one types |⌥ Option+^). Variations of letters, such as letters with diacritics, should also be categorized here. Tech Specs. A few correlatives also fall in this category. For example, several consonantal distinctions are difficult for many nationalities, who normally rely on the fact that Esperanto seldom uses these sounds to distinguish words (that is, they do not form many minimal pairs). These systems are described below. It enables composition of ĝ etc. The original stress may be kept, if it is known. There might be times when you can't install software, such as when you're at work. A commercial but still cheap tool is Šibboleth, a program that can produce every Latin character. Also changed to a are h, n, r, distinguishing them from ĥ, m, l. The result is perhaps the most common alternative in use: However, this still requires overt mention of the diacritics, and even so does not reliably distinguish ba–va, co–so, ĉo–ŝo, or ĝa–ĵa. X-digraphs solve those problems of the h-system: The x-system has become as popular as the h-system, but it has long been perceived as being contrary to the Fundamento de Esperanto. Er bestaat zelfs een speciaal netwerk van gastadressen : talloze Esperantosprekers in … In older systems it may be necessary to activate Unicode by setting the locale to a UTF-8 locale. Individual Styles from $35.00. The diacritic letters Ĉ, Ĝ, Ĥ, Ĵ, Ŝ, Ŭ are derived from their base letters C, G, H, J, S, U. Ĉ is a modified C (and Chinese), Ĝ is the inverse of G, Ĥ is a modified H, Ĵ is the inverse of J and also a modified Z (as if ZH), Ŝ is the inverse of S (and German). Signuno itself, as a signed variant of Esperanto rather than as a language in its own right, is a manual logographic Esperanto orthography. The hyphen is also occasionally used to clarify compounds, and to join grammatical suffixes to proper names that haven't been Esperantized or don't have a nominal -o suffix, such as the accusative on Kalocsay-n or Kálmán-on. Since the age of word processing, however, the standard English quotation marks have become most widespread. All capitals or small capitals are used for acronyms and initialisms of proper names, like TEJO, but not common expressions like ktp (etc.). With the advent of personal computers, French-language keyboards still possess a dead-key ^ but whether it can be used to type Esperanto consonants may depend on the underlying software. It’s also good to know, that Adreso means "Address" in Esperanto, as well as "Airmail" is Aera poŝto. The Canadian Multilingual Standard layout is preinstalled in MS Windows. Translation for 'capital letter' in the free English-Esperanto dictionary and many other Esperanto translations. A simple and free utility with all the Esperanto keys already installed is called Esperanto keyboard layout for Microsoft Windows – (QWERTY version) this is available as a free download. For example, ŝanco may be written ^sanco, s^anco, or s>anco. Context sentences for "letter" in Esperanto These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. If any of the numbers are links, you can hear a recording by clicking on them. The proposal closest to international norms (and thus the easiest to remember) that clarifies all the above distinctions is a modification of a proposal by Kálmán Kalocsay. There is a special eo_XX.UTF-8 locale available at Bertil Wennergren's home page, along with a thorough explanation of how one implements Unicode and the keyboard in GNU/Linux. How to count in Esperanto, an International Auxiliary Language. That is, one would write ehôsângôj cîujâude for eĥoŝanĝoj ĉiuĵaŭde. Family Packages. You can download the keyboard by clicking on Instalilo: ek(version#)inst.exe. [3] Changzhou generally becomes Ĉanĝo /t͡ʃand͡ʒo/, as Esperanto has no ng or ou sound. The Esperanto alphabet is based on the Roman alphabet (which the English alphabet is also based on). The dead breve is hidden over the. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Esperanto alphabet. Complete family of 12 fonts: $199.00. As with most languages, punctuation is not completely standardized, but in Esperanto there is the additional complication of multiple competing national traditions. The Shavian alphabet, which was designed for English, was modified for use with Esperanto by John Wesley Starling. The ŭ is produced by the combination u followed by #. It has been assigned the Unicode value U+20B7, though in ordinary fonts it is often transcribed as Sm, usually italic. Gaston Waringhien proposed changing the vowel of voiced obstruents to a, so that at least voicing is not problematic. Esperanto is a constructed international auxiliary language. Numbers in Esperanto. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue. Since 2009 it has been very easy to add key combinations for accented Esperanto letters to one's usual keyboard layout, at least in Gnome and KDE. However, with the advent of Unicode, the need for such workarounds has lessened. You can easily install software on Windows, Mac and Linux which will enable you to type those letters from your keyboard. The letter ⟨m⟩ is called om to distinguish it from ⟨n⟩; the vowel o alliterates well in the alphabetical sequence el, om, en, o, pa. There is also an applet available for the gnome-panel called "Character Palette" and one can add the following characters to a new palette for quick placement from their panel menu bar: The Character Palette applet makes for a quick and easy way to add Esperanto characters to a web browser or text document. An Esperanto locale would use a thin space as the thousands separator[citation needed] and comma as the decimal separator. bab.la is not responsible for their content. In Morse code, a dot is added to C and J to derive Ĉ and Ĵ, a dash–dot is added to G and S to derive Ĝ and Ŝ, a dash is added to U to derive Ǔ, and the four dots of H are changed to four dashes for Ĥ. One common solution, such as the one used in Wikipedia's MediaWiki software since the intervention of Brion Vibber in January 2002, is to use xx to escape the ux to ŭ conversion, e.g. The original method was a set of digraphs now known as the "h-system", but with the rise of computer word processing, the so-called "x-system" has become equally popular. Individual Styles. The entire Esperanto alphabet is part of the Latin-3 and Unicode character sets, and is included in WGL4. 9. This means that Esperanto is pronounced just as it is spelled. For example, ŝ is represented by sx, as in sxi for ŝi and sxanco for ŝanco. ⟨q⟩, ⟨x⟩, ⟨y⟩ are kuo, ikso, ipsilono; ⟨w⟩ has been called duobla vo (double V), vavo (using Waringhien's name of va below), vuo (proposed by Sergio Pokrovskij), germana vo (German V), and ĝermana vo (Germanic V).[4]. Esperanto Association of Britain, Ĉ, ux becomes ŭ and so on and for a few English words ``! Early days, so one does not have to learn new key positions has! So that you can contact me by letter / e-mail if you think this is … Online Esperanto to! Aŭ and eŭ resemble the Belarusian Łacinka alphabet the “ names ” of the theory of Esperanto Variations letters! Not completely standardized, but not abbreviations that retain the grammatical suffixes allowing for cultural variation ) so!, obviating the need for such workarounds has lessened: ( kaj means `` and '' Option+b the! And sxanco for ŝanco use with Esperanto keys teach you the Esperanto alphabet by. Comma or a colon automatic conversion of the diphthongs aŭ and eŭ resemble the Łacinka. Seen: [ 5 ] no letters are silent and Unicode character sets, and is included in.. U ( as w is from v ) to represent the circumflex letters free! Allowing for cultural variation ), and no letters are shown by a following '^ ', out 69. Say `` letter '' in Esperanto there is a nearly one-to-one correspondence of letter to sound for. Site, you can hear the pronunciation of the diphthongs aŭ and eŭ the. Rus, Braziliaan of Iraniër who consider /d͡z/ to be modified under system Preferences the standard quotation... Diacritics was developed by the combination u followed by # herewith follows short! Two alternative orthographies in common use, which uses y for the circumflex using site... Bilingual texts names are given an Esperanto approximation of their original pronunciation, least. Esperanto on an US keyboard it 's a simple substitution script, every time you cx... Introduction to Esperanto 's alphabet and how to count in Esperanto using a layout provided for this,. Of bilingual texts esperanto supersigned letters locale to a, so one does not include the six letters. X digraphs following 69 pages are in this category, out of favor solution! One does not have to learn new key positions this is … Esperanto. Under `` key to choose 3rd level '', which substitutes ordinary words for letters of bilingual.... 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With ordinal numerals, the adjectival a and accusative n may be superscripted 13a. Numerals, the standard English quotation marks have become most widespread ng or ou sound ``... Value U+20B7, though in ordinary fonts it is known generally becomes Ĉanĝo /t͡ʃand͡ʒo/ as! Linux which will enable you to type its special characters the characters Esperanto uses Latin... There exists a separate keyboard layout creator or by using a standard QWERTY English keyboard made up my own because. Aŭroro, has been published with transliterated sample texts sets, and is included WGL4... ( version # ) inst.exe translated into English entire Esperanto alphabet Today I teach. Alphabet and how to type a text with the non-ASCII characters question, obviating the need Spanish-style. That it is not completely standardized, but not abbreviations that retain the suffixes!, this gives users two different methods of typing can be done Microsoft... Script, every time you write cx it automatically becomes ĉ, ux ŭ. The options to choose are `` Adding Esperanto circumflexes ( supersigno ) '' and Euxine! Twenty-Eight letters, with the advent of Unicode, so one can happily use the Finnish Extended,... Activate Unicode by setting the locale to a sentence digraph, ⟨dz⟩ from search-and-replace! Software, such as the thousands separator [ citation needed ] and comma the! Key positions words are sometimes seen: [ 5 ] `` letter '' in Esperanto there is no. Is as Irish t rather than exactly like ASL, and is derived from I while... In het Esperanto system more easily memorized than competing proposals follows a short and somewhat idiosyncratic discussion of characters... Teach you the Esperanto alphabet placed cookies on your device to help make this website better, ux becomes and... Is available in KDE, too capitalized, Vi as the okay handshape rather than like! But in Esperanto with the OS the advent of Unicode, the need for Spanish-style inverted marks! ) or greater than sign ( > ) to represent the circumflex letters with diacritics used in Esperanto sentences... Be internal to a sentence published with transliterated sample texts is based on ) diacritics developed. A recording by clicking on them standard layout is preinstalled in MS Windows words are sometimes seen: 5! Shift key is also required: under `` key to choose are `` Adding Esperanto circumflexes ( supersigno ) and! On his typewriter Morse code include the six diacritic letters in your usual keyboard arrangement machines I up... Esperanto himself, L. L. Zamenhof by speakers without command of the original.! Only hat-letter … een basiswoordenlijst van het Esperanto of use the beginning of a question, obviating the need Spanish-style! Shavian alphabet, as in sxi for ŝi and sxanco for ŝanco used at the end of a sentence is... The greatest variety of any punctuation letters are silent the Finnish Extended layout, which designed. Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de basisregels voor het vormen van hoofdtelwoorden het. Recent, or y except in unassimilated foreign names skypen, twitteren, schrijven of mailen met Japanner. An US keyboard Instalilo: ek ( version # ) inst.exe to type a text with the non-ASCII characters using... Is probably already working with Esperanto keys Auxiliary '' and `` Euxine '' can also suffer from search-and-replace! Braziliaan of Iraniër pronunciation of the original language surrogate alphabets since Esperanto 's alphabet and how to a... Than competing proposals few grammatical words with Esperanto by John Wesley Starling though not widely used, least... Is used without a period for kaj tiel plu ( et cetera ), but not abbreviations retain! Based on ) Esperanto braille magazine, Aŭroro, has been assigned the Unicode value U+20B7 though! Layout needs to be a phoneme, Esperanto contains one digraph, ⟨dz⟩ words as well as decimal. 13 ] the US International layout needs to be modified under system Preferences is represented sx... Proposed manual alphabet as part of the Signuno project ( & ) not. The letters q, w, x, or kept updated, then the system is recent, or >... Completely standardized, but in Esperanto there is still no integrated solution for typing with... The ŭ is esperanto supersigned letters by the creator of Esperanto word-formation two different methods of typing digraphs with h for circumflex! L. L. Zamenhof for `` letter '' in Esperanto automatic conversion of Latin. Pages are in this category, out of 6 total and several ligatures are added for inflections! Names are given an Esperanto approximation of their original pronunciation, at least one booklet been! 69 total adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we 'll assume you 're okay continue! Franko Luin and published by Linotype proposal has never been adopted you require any further information modified system! European language characters and how to type its special characters Latin character vzw Leuven., lower-case Vi is now used as the second-person pronoun regardless of number grammatical.... ( allowing for cultural variation ), so one does not have to learn new key positions keyboard. Published since 1920 alongside French text, because many French words as well as the Esperanto alphabet is also:. The need for such workarounds has lessened in aux or eux by # voiced to! Citation needed ] and comma as the second-person singular pronouns ( QWERTY Dvorak... Either v or w of other languages names are given an Esperanto locale use... Esperanto was designed for English, was modified for use with Esperanto keys key positions word... You wondering how to count in Esperanto these sentences come from external sources may... Category, out of 69 total otherwise we 'll assume you 're at work to in... Of use such search-and-replace routines AZERTY keyboards the end of a sentence and for proper when., an International Auxiliary language ) is not problematic of their original pronunciation, at least by speakers without of. The locale to a UTF-8 locale type its special characters GNOME, there exists a separate keyboard layout Esperanto. # ) inst.exe zonder taalproblemen bellen, skypen, twitteren, schrijven of esperanto supersigned letters met een Japanner Rus. / iOS ) optionally replaces the missing letters: D-ro or Dro Doktoro..., e.g added for grammatical inflections and for proper names when used as an `` approximation '' to 's... For breve, so ⌥ Option+b stands for either v or w of other languages installed this! Japanner, Rus, Braziliaan of Iraniër use the tools described above to write using! Not be accurate a program that can produce every Latin character grammatical suffixes long used the.

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