philippine history spanish period pdf

Time Period: 1863-1897 [The Trial of Andres Bonifacio: international title] The life of Andres Bonifacio - the other famous Philippine hero who started the revolution against Spain using guns and weapons as opposed to Jose Rizal's method of war. The missionary zeal to make the country an outpost of the Catholicism in spite of the fact that (even with unsparing exploitation), the Philippines was a financial liability as a colony. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, they composed about 5 percent of the total population of around 2.5 million and were concentrated in the most developed provinces of Central Luzon and in Manila and its environs. Philippine literature during the spanish period 1. Discuss the following: a. Filipino American Relations 2. Literature started to flourish during his time. 3. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Social Classes 5. Stay tuned for part 2 as that will discuss events from the Dagohoy revolt to the events around the 1870's. Except for the Jesuits, the religious orders were strongly opposed to the teaching of modern foreign languages, including Spanish, and scientific and technical subjects to the indios (literally, Indians; the Spanish term for Filipinos). Sisters in Arms: Revolutionaries, suffragists and guerillas Women's participation in affairs dominated by men can be traced back to the Philippine Revolution against Spain (1896-1898) and the Filipino-American War in the years 1A … See Separate Article MANILA GALLEON TRADE BETWEEN THE PHILIPPINES AND MEXICO. *, Central to the friars' dominant position was their monopoly of education at all levels and thus their control over cultural and intellectual life. Historical Background. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. Islamic Colonial Period. It should show you the areas that you need to study more on. The only laws created in the Philippines are those who were ordered by the Governor General. the spanish period (1565-1898) Historical Background It is an accepted belief that the Spanish colonization of the Philippines started in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi , the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines . HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 4.0 PHILIPPINE ARCHITECTURE Architecture of the Philippines =�>�������#%~�JaZ pA��YRHdڇ���C�aY=��k�&�w�3?J�% �{�,]���"9�o�b�-���3�,!NC3�l�U�FH۪I�M�����.rh�j��7��w*� ��a���o�i��A`���Rb �N9�h|��`?e�\��ÞE��k��"*sF�g�-� ��R��n���ZQ���0�� ��գD^����������e@E[�� Meager progress on land distribution, marked with occasional rural uprisings, was achieved up to the mid 1980s. ��e. In the words of one friar, responding to the challenge of the ilustrados, "the only liberty the Indians want is the liberty of savages. Trade was stubbled upon sort of by accident. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. In 1863 the Spanish government decreed that a system of free public primary education be established in the islands, which could have been interpreted as a threat to this monopoly. So, sit relaxed and take your time and good luck! The historical origins of the Philippine economy: a survey of recent research of the Spanish colonial eraJosep M. Fradera THE HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF THE PHILIPPINE ECONOMY: A SURVEY OF RECENT RESEARCH OF THE SPANISH COLONIAL ERA B J M. F Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain This article surveys recent research of the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines since the late eighteenth … It was built by a French engineer named Ferdinand de Lesseps. Historical Overview of the Philippine Peso . Trade between Spain and the Philippines was via the Pacific Ocean to Mexico ( Manila to Acapulco ), and then across the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean to Spain ( Veracruz to Cádiz ). The removal of legal restrictions on Chinese economic activity and the competition of new Chinese immigrants, however, drove a large number of mestizos out of the commercial sector in mid-nineteenth century. Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. [Source: Library of Congress *], In the latter half of the nineteenth century, immigration into the archipelago, largely from the maritime province of Fujian on the southeastern coast of China, increased, and a growing proportion of Chinese settled in outlying areas. They introduced Catholicism, established a Walled City in Manila but ultimately they were disappointed because they couldn't find spices or gold (gold was only discovered in large quantities after the Americans arrived). Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Marriage customs 7. in Philippine history when, indeed, the activities described as sup­ port for this statement were those of Chinese mestizos. The “Moro Wars” continued off and on for 300 years after the Spanish arrived. ", The eighteenth-century expulsion edicts had given the Chinese mestizos the opportunity to enter retailing and the skilled craft occupations formerly dominated by the Chinese. Welcome back my Philippine Literature students! The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least ... Philippine society and culture until the Doctrina Christiana of the late 16th century, written at the start of the Spanish period in both native Baybayin script and Spanish. In 1839 the government issued a decree granting them freedom of occupation and residence. DURING THE SPANISH PERIOD 1521 The year when the Spanish Colonizers came with Ferdinand Magellan.. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi He is the first Spanish governor general.. Notes on Spanish Colonization The Conquistadors rendered all system writings inoperable. Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Philippines Department of Tourism, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications. What Spain had built the United States preserved. Government 2. It is an accepted belief that the Spanish colonization of the Philippines started in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. Literature, religion, lifestyles, societal classes and the like was taken into… Given the minuscule number of Spanish living outside the capital even in the nineteenth century, the friars were regarded as indispensable instruments of Spanish rule that contemporary critics labeled a "friarocracy" (frialocracia). Philippine Literature During the Spanish Period 2. %�쏢 FRANCIS C. MACANSANTOS PRISCILLA S. MACANSANTOS The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. - It is a ritual based on a legend about a princess who dropped her ring into the middle of the sea and offered her hand in marriage in anyone who can retrieve it. Those that profited the most from trade and other economic activities, primarily the Spanish elite, wore fine silks, traveled around un elegant coaches, wore gold chains and gem-stubbed rings and were looked after by an army of servants. [Source: Library of Congress *], Sugarcane had been produced and refined using crude methods at least as early as the beginning of the eighteenth century. During his time, many changes happened to the Filipinos. ... is a milestone in the history of Philippine letters. The power of religious orders remained one of the great constants, over the centuries, of Spanish colonial rule. This spurt continued unabated until the Cavite Revolt in 1872. Status of Women 6. A Spanish trader named Diego de Bobadilla wrote: “A Spaniard who lost his nose through a certain illness, sent for a Chinaman to make him one wood, in order to hide the deformity. In 1574, the governor of Manila was assassinated by Chinese mutineers on his galley. In 1849 more than 90 percent of the approximately 6,000 Chinese lived in or around Manila, whereas in 1886 this proportion decreased to 77 percent of the 66,000 Chinese in the Philippines at that time, declining still further in the 1890s. Most Filipinos had little contact with the Spanish other than through the church. Other groups like the Igorot resisted. One recent study, the Human Relations Area Files monograph on the Philip-pines, goes so far as to say that although they were of some importance during the first decades of the Spanish period… Mode of Dressing 2. The next year the grateful Chinese returned the favor in the form of a trading vessel filled with gifts of silk, porcelain and other Chinese goods. We never surrendered.”. Development of the archipelago was largely neglected. b. Spain colonized the Philippine Islands for 3 33 years, after which they ceded control to 0. This way many native Philippine people came to live on land that was owned by the Spanish or people with close ties to the Spanish and they became tenants or paid laborers. DURING THE SPANISH PERIOD 1521 The year when the Spanish Colonizers came with Ferdinand Magellan.. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi He is the first Spanish governor general.. Notes on Spanish Colonization The Conquistadors rendered all system writings inoperable. The Philippines was administered by the Viceroyalty of New Spain in present-day Mexico but in many ways the Philippines was ruled by Catholic church. Nevertheless, the Chinese remained concentrated in towns around Manila, particularly Binondo and Santa Cruz. A comprehensive database of more than 15 philippine history quizzes online, test your knowledge with philippine history quiz questions. *, Chinese and Chinese Mestizos in the Philippines, In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, deep-seated Spanish suspicion of the Chinese gave way to recognition of their potentially constructive role in economic development. Philippine History: Fashion from the Spanish Era Spanish Influence on Philippine Fashion When we speak about fashion or clothing during the Spanish Colonization of the Philippines, we would think baro’t saya, Maria Clara dress, barong tagalog and camisa de chino. The most high-status and affluent groups of people were Chinese entrepreneurs, lured by business opportunities, and Spanish officials. This is a comprehensive practice exam for a Philippine History book. The Secularization of Priests During Spanish Period . Japanese Colonization (1941-1945) 5. The one in 1603 was particularly nasty: some 6,000 armed Chinese set fire to Spanish settlement outside Manila and began marching on Manila itself. The Philippine Revolution is one of the most important events in the country’s history, awakening a proud sense of nationalism for generations of Filipinos to come. 6. The Spanish burned Igorot villages, destroyed their crops and raped their women, yet in 350 years of Spanish occupation the Igorot were never conquered. Spanish Colonial Period. Even in the late nineteenth century, the friars of the Augustinian, Dominican, and Franciscan orders conducted many of the executive and control functions of government on the local level. The Spanish seized land and established huge plantations which made rich men out of landowners. In the words of historian Edgar Vickberg, they were considered, unlike the mixed-Chinese of other Southeast Asian countries, not "a special kind of local Chinese" but "a special kind of Filipino. 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