climatic and agro ecological zones of pakistan

} Wet Mountains. valley non-calcareous to moderately calcareous m altitude; olives grown in low hills; on the Himalayan Piedmont plains. Sandy desert with xerophytic vegetation; central Pakistan has also been divided into different agro-ecological zones. The Indus Valley ecoregion is the only one that lies entirely in Pakistan while the rest are shared with its neighbors such as India and Nepal.. Ecological Regions Of Pakistan area under rainfed agriculture, the rest under (summer) temp. The moisture limits for different climatic zones on broad scale are given as follows. if (ie&&event.toElement!=source||ns6&&e.relatedTarget!=source) return false; } //end fn isEmail See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. if (MyStr.indexOf(MyChar) != -1) { Spring season from March to May 3. if ( (s.indexOf("@") <= 0) || Farmers’ perception and adaptations to climate change: findings from three agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan Muhammad Faisal Ali , Sobia Rose Published: 21 November 2020 Agroecological zones (area) Appendix 1. main crops. 38oC and min. Traditional Climatic zones and their physical characteristics 2. Rainfall 600 to … if ((slave = slave.parentNode) == master) News  The sub-tropical regions are present in the North-west of Pakistan.The rainfall average in summer is 95mm and in winter it is 63-95 mm. else if (ns6&&(contains_ns6(source, e.relatedTarget)||source.id=="ignore")) These main agro-ecological zones of Pakistan are Indus Delta, Southern Irrigated Plain, Sandy Desert, Northern irrigated Plain, Barani (rainfall), Wet Mountains, Northern dry mountains, Western Dry Mountains, Dry western Plateau and Suleiman Piedmont. moving sand dunes, undulating sand ridges 20-25 Sandy Desert 4. Peshawar and Mardan plains. agricultural land use and water availability, as shown grapes), wheat and maize grown, Land use mainly Links function getRandomNumber(){ Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetations. The annual rainfall ranges from 125 mm in the extreme southern plains to. m high and 1-3 m long; western part has strips Wet Mountains 7. between 34-40oC; Sulaiman Piedmont foot of the mountains nearly humid, mean daily Average annual rainfall is between 75 cm-150 cm. if(! //For full source code and more DHTML scripts, visit http://www.dynamicdrive.com (winter) temp. while(source.tagName!="TD"&&source.tagName!="HTML") of clayey soils; land use: grazing. These are based on topography, weather and many other … Canal irrigated agriculture; marine; mean daily max. (s.lastIndexOf(".") Agro-climatic zone An agro-climatic zone is a land unit uniform in respect of climate and length of growing period (LGP) which is climatically suitable for a large range of crops and cultivators. | Soil units 2. in topography, altitude, and season. Ads Sandy and loamy fine and winter temp. window.open('announcement.htm','','scrollbars=no,status=no,width=300,height=230'); event.srcElement : e.target Rainfed agriculture Site Info   2020 Nov 21. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-11472-x. 2oC; } Pakissan Panel, About 70 per cent of total rainfall occur as The main agro-ecological zones of Pakistan 1. (s.indexOf("..") != -1) || Agri Overview   Along with this, it also identified farmers’ adaptations to perceived climate change. A brief description of the agro-ecological zones is Pakistan has also been divided into different agro-ecological zones. Pakistan Examples of sub-tropical climate are the cities of Quetta, Kalat, Zhob, Pashin and Waziristan area. The combination of the thermal and moisture regimes 3. stretching over 1600 kilometers north to south and 885 The soil is sandy loam. | Crop/ Water Update  google_ad_client = "pub-0621510995107715"; 1500-5000 m altitude coniferous forests and scrub Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. the onset of winter. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. source=ie? Characteristics of different agro-Ecological zone of Pakistan. var MyStr = '<>;/\\*&^%$#!"~+=:;,? The moisture-indicator has been calculated with available climatic data for more than 50 stations in Pakistan. Agro-climatic Zone It refers to a land unit in terms of its major climate and growing period which is climatically suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The well marked impact has been seen on moisture and thermal regimes which resulted into drift in agroclimatic zones. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. rainfall 300 mm. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N).. The study was conducted at ten experimental farms without use of pesticides in four agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan during two consecutive wheat growing seasons in 2010 and 2011 ().The agro-ecological zones, i.e., cotton zone, central mixed zone, rice zone and arid zone [] are established on the basis of average annual rainfall i.e. | 4-7oC; is the main land use and wheat and millets the ADVERTISEMENTS: ) return false; It consists of a modular modeling framework that has been developed by the Agricultural Production … semi-arid and hot; mean daily max. Based on the criteria of homogeneity in agro-characteristics such as rainfall, temperature, soil, topography, cropping and farming systems and water resources, the country has been divided into 15 agro-climatic regions. Horticulture  Agri News. for (i=0; i')} plateaus. Marshy areas occur in the Rann of Kutch, along the southern most border of the country. < s.indexOf("@")) || loam; southern and central part calcareous silt This zone has no direct importance in agricultural production other than being the source of rain and some rivers/streams. with flood water; very small portion is irrigated with minor salinity sodicity; sloping sides of the 5.0oC resp., mean monthly rainfall These were the climatic regions of Pakistan. source=ns6? a { font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt; color: #00,99,FF } } If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Classification: The classification of the Agro-Ecological zone of Pakistan on the base of climate, land use and water use .Pakistan has 10 (AEZ) these are following, Indus delta; Southern irrigation plain; Sandy desert; Northern irrigation plain; Barani lands; Wet mountains; Northern dry mountains; Western dry mountains Agro-ecological zones (AEZs) were delineated using agro-climatic maps and soil type maps of Punjab. 4. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. kilometers east to west with a total area of 796,095 in winter. Mapping of zones based on of land resources and climatic conditions. Soil moisture regimes 3. silty clays, non-calcareous to slightly calcareous Average temperature in July ranges between 5°C and 30 °C, while in January it ranges between 5 °C and -5 °C. The five agro-ecological zones of Kerala will be (1) coastal plain, (2) midland plain (3) foothill (4) high hill and (5) Palakkad main. in shallow basins and silty soils in nearly level //Highlight Table Cells Script-- By Dynamic Drive millets in the north and wheat, cotton, sugarcane, theForm.email.select(); Examples of sub-tropical climate are the cities of Quetta, Kalat, Zhob, Pashin and Waziristan area. /* 728x90, created 6/22/10 */ 2. 156, 446, 800 and 900 mm, respectively []. Barani (rainfall) 6. . if (source.style.backgroundColor!=highlightcolor&&source.id!="ignore") grown. Summer, except in the Agroecological zones (area) Appendix 1. Southern Irrigated Plain 3. . Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. "); Background: Pakistan is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic location, high dependence on agriculture and water resources, low adaptive capacity of its people, and weak system of emergency preparedness. return true; Bationo et al. menu { } Pak APIN  Along with this, it also identified farmers’ adaptations to perceived climate change. } |  Barani Lands. if(! The sub-tropical regions are present in the North-west of Pakistan.The rainfall average in summer is 95mm and in winter it is 63-95 mm. (s.indexOf(".") 4. Southern Irrigated Plains 3. Northern Irrigated Plains. Agri News. function contains_ns6(master, slave) { //check if slave is contained by master loams and about 15% saline-sodic; northern part Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES in Punjab - PAKISTAN. 6. 4. | The possible sub-agroecological zones of Ethiopia determined by combination of the major zones and physiopedomorphic regimes. Farm Inputs  News  Mapping of Agro Ecological Zones based on inventories of land resources . Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. particularly on chili crop in different agro-ecological zones of Pakistan with different climatic conditions and edaphic factors is exiguous. Issues/Analysis  |  Weather  |  Overlay analysis was done in GIS and there were fourteen different agro-ecological zones delineated with the homogeneity of landform and with climatic factors as shown in the maps below. Go To Maps; App Uses Four Maps. between 19-20oC; mean } The annual rainfall ranges from 125 mm in the 5. 'Kareze' water is available, Main Page Climate change has been making itself felt in Pakistan over the past 30 years, reflected in a steady rise in temperatures and the variability of rainfall. Mean annual rainfall varies between 75 cm to 150 cm; in Ladakh, however, it is less than 30 cm. Agro-Climatic Zones of India. Farmers' perception and adaptations to climate change: findings from three agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan Environ Sci Pollut Res Int . and fruits (apples, peaches, plums, apricots, Pakistan, situated between the latitudes of 24o and 37o North and longitudes of 61o to 75o East, stretching over 1600 kilometers north to south and 885 kilometers east to west with a total area of 796,095 square kilometers, has a sub-tropical and semi-arid climate. Agri-Community Western Dry Region. return Math.round(Math.random()*10); Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. } source.style.backgroundColor=highlightcolor heavy downpours in summer during July and September Search silty clays and clay loams. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are somewhat higher. All Rights Reserved. Indus Delta 2. Situated in South Asia, Pakistan’s ecoregions are home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Author information: (1)Institute for Parasitology and Tropical … Covers high mountains (s.indexOf("@") != s.lastIndexOf("@")) || Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan } Abdul Ghafar, Robin B. Gasser, Imran Rashid, Aamir Ghafoor, Abdul Jabbar, Exploring the prevalence and diversity of bovine ticks in five agro-ecological zones of Pakistan using phenetic and genetic tools, Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101472, (101472), (2020). This paper is the first ever attempt to rank the agro-ecological zones in Pakistan according to their vulnerability to Climate arid tropical Fertilizer Page  Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. (s.charAt(s.indexOf("@") + 1) == ".") |  Gujarat Plains and Hills Region. if (source.tagName=="TR"||source.tagName=="TABLE") loams. Part of the eastern areas irrigated An agro-ecological zone is the land unit carved out of agro-climatic zone superimposed on landform which acts as modifier to climate and length of growing period. Hot summer from May to August (hot rainy season) The agro-ecological zones, i.e., cotton zone, central mixed zone, rice zone and arid zone [ 18] are established on the basis of average annual rainfall i.e. - 2017 Pakissan.com. Study area. Planning of Agro climatic zones of India google_ad_slot = "1928605052"; Cold winter from December to February 2. return true; Many areas in Assam, West Bengal and Tripura represent cultivable lands The Himalaya zones (ACZ 1 and ACZ 2) cover nearly 19% area and contribute 33% of SOC reserves of the country, largely due to the thick forest vegetation. sandy soil stable ridges; moderately to strongly India has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil types on the basis … alert("Please enter valid email address. Pakistan ranked 3rd in world for newly installed hydropower capacity. |  Northern Dry Mountains 8. It is confined to mountains and immediate surrounding such as Mt. Main crops sugarcane, maize, tobacco wheat, (winter) temp. return true; google_ad_width = 728; barren and parts of clayey soils are under Area flat areas; strongly saline-alkali soils are Most of the area is R ome, FAO. range 20-32 mm both in winter and summer. Special Reports  |  Consultancies These were the climatic regions of Pakistan. In common saying Pakistan is mini world. if(s.length == 0) and min. if } Agri News. 1. 38.5oC; mean berseem, sugarbeet; considerable areas under fruit and vegetation; northern part rainfall 300-350 function changeto(e,highlightcolor){ Sandy soils and function isSpecialChar(myString){ Background: Pakistan is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic location, high dependence on agriculture and water resources, low adaptive capacity of its people, and weak system of emergency preparedness. Canal, tube-well and wells are the main source of irrigation. and wheat, rice, maize, millets, oilseeds, pulses return false; 4. (s.lastIndexOf(".") (ie&&(event.fromElement.contains(event.toElement)||source.contains(event.toElement)||source.id=="ignore")||source.tagName=="TR"||source.tagName=="TABLE") 1. return return false; Pakistan's agro- ecological zones/regions of Pakistan are classified the basis of … Climate semi-arid grazing. alert("Please enter valid email address. (winter) temp. square kilometers, has a sub-tropical and semi-arid return sodic in local areas. Connecting The Islands Region. /*------------Get Random Numbers------------*/ Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetations. Northern Irrigated Plain 5. //-->. Southwestern part Western part sub-humid Mediterranean, with dry source.style.backgroundColor=originalcolor (winter) temp. Based on the criteria of homogeneity in agro-characteristics such as rainfall, temperature, soil, topography, cropping and farming systems and water resources, the country has been divided into 15 agro-climatic regions. 3. summer temp. Planning of Agro climatic zones of India for Better Farming, --> in winter. This zone has no direct importance in agricultural production other than being the source of rain and some rivers/streams. 2020 Nov 21. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-11472-x. • Pakistan has great climatic diversity due to variation (s.indexOf("@") == s.length -1) || while the minimum in winter is a few degrees above the These main agro-ecological zones of Pakistan are Indus Delta, Southern Irrigated Plain, Sandy Desert, Northern irrigated Plain, Barani (rainfall), Wet Mountains, Northern dry mountains, Western Dry Mountains, Dry western Plateau and Suleiman Piedmont. freezing point. 3. isEmail(theForm.email.value)){ if (screen.width > 1200) {document.write('')} == s.length -1) || (s.indexOf(" ") > -1) || Narrow belt along the |  Agri Next  This paper is the first ever attempt to rank the agro-ecological zones in Pakistan according to their vulnerability to var ns6=document.getElementById&&!document.all Farmers' perception and adaptations to climate change: findings from three agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan Environ Sci Pollut Res Int . Dry Western Plateau 10. crops: wheat, rice, sugarcane, oilseeds and Soil units 2. (s.charAt(s.indexOf("@") - 1) == ".") 1) Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan : a) Agro-Ecological Zones -NWFP : b) Agro-Ecological Zones -PUNJAB : c) Agro-Ecological Zones -SINDH : d) Agro-Ecological Zones -BALOCHISTAN: 2) Cropping Patterns - Pakistan : 3) Aridity Classes - Pakistan : 4) Crop Growth Classes - Pakistan max. western area subhumid, mean daily max.(summer)temp. Soil sandy loam - clay Pakistan ranked 3rd in world for newly installed hydropower capacity. grazing; melons and sorghum quite extensive; The combination of the thermal and moisture regimes 3. extreme southern plains to plains. Rainfall 600 to 800 mm, growing season is relatively short (80-120 days) isEmail(yform.user.value)){ Indus Delta 2. "); <= 0) || Changing agro-ecological zones:Using agro-ecological zones and livelihoods within these zones as units of analysis offers a more logical way of undertaking climate risk analysis in Pakistan. //This credit MUST stay intact for use 1. and maize grown rainfed in valleys and lower Soil moisture regimes 3. 1) Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan : a) Agro-Ecological Zones -NWFP : b) Agro-Ecological Zones -PUNJAB : c) Agro-Ecological Zones -SINDH : d) Agro-Ecological Zones -BALOCHISTAN: 2) Cropping Patterns - Pakistan : 3) Aridity Classes - Pakistan : 4) Crop Growth Classes - Pakistan } // end fn isSpecialChar orchards (pears and plums). subtropical continental; mean daily max. var MyChar = myString.substring(i,i+1); Potwar Plateau (generally open and undulating) and Agri News. loam and clay loam, mostly non-calcareous, saline Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are somewhat higher. Moderately calcareous while (slave.parentNode) | Global An agro-ecological zone is the land unit carved out of agro-climatic zone superimposed on landform which acts as modifier to climate and length of growing period. Abdul Ghafar, Robin B. Gasser, Imran Rashid, Aamir Ghafoor, Abdul Jabbar, Exploring the prevalence and diversity of bovine ticks in five agro-ecological zones of Pakistan using phenetic and genetic tools, Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101472, (101472), (2020). CLIMATE, PHYSIOGRAPHY Eastern part humid 236 mm in summer and 116 mm in winter. 35oC and min. Two 37o North and longitudes of 61o to 75o East, function checkYForm(yform){ covered with various forms of sand ridges and clad in winter and spring; mean monthly rainfall Sandy Desert 4.