do all petunias spread

Trumpet-shaped flowers have a single set of plain-edged petals, or can be doubled, ruffled, or fringed and come in colors from light pink through dark red, and pale blue through deep purple. Plant grandiflora and multiflora types about 10 inches apart, and Wave and Surfinia types 2-1/2 to 3 feet apart. The plants, which typically spread 2 to 4 feet (5-10 cm.) Plants form mounds 6 to 8 inches across. Most modern petunias descend from two wild species from Argentina, a large white one (P. axillaris) and a violet-flowered one (P. integrifolia, formerly P. violacea). The ozone in smog causes silvery spotting on leaves (petunias are so sensitive that they are good indicators of invisible ozone pollution). Read the labels on the plants. Cascadias are available in 15 colors including several shades of purple, pink, and blue. These plants do become leggy easily without the right attention. The Supertunia® series of petunias, part of the Proven Winners® plant line, are extremely vigorous bloomers that have the advantage of being self-cleaning, so no deadheading is needed. Petunias are plants that belong to the Solanaceae family, and there are over 35 different species of the plant that are all native to South America. Once you have done it the first time, it will seem like a simple chore. Privacy Policy and See source for more information on growing petunias. Plant in full sun in rich, well-drained soil. Of all petunias, these produce the fewest but largest flowers, 3 to 5 inches across. They provide excellent ground cover for walkways and large flower beds. They are prolific bloomers, although some forms require deadheading to keep them going. Additionally, there's no need to pinch off spent flowers, as old flowers dry up and fall off. It grows only a foot tall and blooms off and on all summer. Petunias are perennials, however, they are typically treated as annuals. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by arctangent and is called "Landscaping with grasses". Petunias like fertile soil which drains well and is neutral to slightly acid (pH 6.0 to 7.0). In year-round warm climates, they will often survive and even bloom over the winter months. We will discuss whether or not all petunias spread, which types tend to spread more and should they be cut back each year. Colors include pink, purple, and white with darker veins. In baskets, they produce trails of flowers. Spreading, or Wave petunias, are a recent addition with blooms typically measuring about 2 inches (5 cm.) Buy your trailing petunias from a garden center or start them from seed. It will spread by seed some, but not enough to be annoying. Soil drainag… During blooming season, they need 5-6 hours of full-sun, all round, meaning no side of the plant should be kept Surfinia and other new trailing types were introduced in 1989, but only now are they becoming a market presence. 2.9m members in the gardening community. Their flowers are about 2-1/2 inches in diameter; plants will spread to 3 feet in six weeks. Petunia is genus of 20 species[1] of flowering plants of South American origin. Yes - all petunias will spread. The popular flower of the same name derived its epithet from the French, which took the word petun, meaning "tobacco," from a Tupi–Guarani language. Growth habits range from slightly mounded to trailing, depending on the variety. When grown in full sunlight, they are so full of flowers that you can barely see any foliage! As bedding plants, plant one per square yard. Throughout most of the country, petunias are warm-season flowers that can produce a carpet of color from spring until frost. My preference is to place them in beds or planters where you can see them at close range and appreciate the blooms' complexity. Wave petunias come in several varieties: trailing, mounding, and spreading types. Do you have to deadhead Wave petunias? Our fast growing petunia seeds come in spreading, trailing and mounded varieties that flourish in beds, containers or as border flowers in any garden. Petunias are annual plants that look striking in a garden, and they will bloom all summer long with the right care. They do well in contained areas such as window boxes or hanging baskets and do not require a large space in which to grow or spread. [6] X Research source If the root systems of your petunias get too crowded, or rootbound, they don’t get the nutrients they need to thrive and bloom all summer long. Pinching will force the petunia plants to grow outward in a bushy, full shape rather than growing tall and spindly. Spreading or Trailing Petunias: These are low-growing but spread as much as 3 to 4 feet. Ground cover or spreading petunias, such as the ‘wave’ variety, are only about six inches tall, but they can spread very quickly, covering a large garden area in a single growing season! For best results, start pruning as soon as the flowers are planted. Three new Wave colors were introduced in 1997: pink, lilac, and rose. Something to note is that petunias are full sun plants. I got mine from Jean in Tennessee, who's a wonderful person Other similar varieties include the Pink Wave, Rose Wave, Coral Wave, and Misty Lilac Wave petunias. Spread definition, to draw, stretch, or open out, especially over a flat surface, as something rolled or folded (often followed by out). Surfinias result from a cross of P. hybrida with a wild South American trailing type, P. pendula. Here is what you need to know: 1. Other types include Easy Wave, Shock Wave, and Avalanche petunias. My experience is different. Spreading or ‘Wave’ petunias are only about six inches tall but can extend very quickly, covering a large garden area in just one growing season. The more upright-growing Marco Polo, bred in Australia, comes in four clear colors: blue, rose, white, and a very showy pink. Milliflora. You'll also find white, cream, and even a new bright yellow. They grow best in pots or hanging baskets and may spread slightly, but not near as much wave petunias. 15 Low-Growing Border Plants You Should Consider, How to Grow Kabocha Squash (Tips, Images and Shopping Links), 15 Best Ornamental Grasses That Grow in Shade, 13 Best Fiddle Leaf Fig Grow Light Options, 7 Dwarf Birch Trees That Are Perfect For Landscaping, How Do You Stop Pine Tree Roots From Growing? Trumpet-shaped flowers have a single set of plain-edged petals, or can be doubled, ruffled, or fringed and come in colors from light pink through dark red, and pale blue through deep purple. Cut off sinking stems to half their height, leaving at least two inches of stem from the base using pruning shears – this encourages regrowth. Petunias have always offered nonstop summer bloom, but now you're more likely to find a color, size, and growth habit to suit your garden needs. Impatiens are a better choice for blooming in shady places. Plants grow 1 to 2 feet high and 2 to 3 feet wide. [5 Actionable Solutions], How to Grow Moss Indoors (Quick Guide for Beginners). For the best performance, plant petunias in full sun (at least six hours a day). Their soft, thick leaves are slightly sticky to the touch. Eight colors are available: burgundy, fuchsia, bright pink, pastel pink, dark purple, two types of violet-magenta, and white. They grow about 25 - 38 cm (10 Water the soil just enough so that it is damp, not wet. Cutting-grown petunias are available at garden centers. They are remarkable for their long, trailing, dark green foliage that offsets flowers in five colors: blue-purple, pink, purple, violet, and white. That feature would be enough to make them worth growing, but wave petunias also do not need deadheading. Repot these petunias in a larger container or plant them directly in the ground to give their roots more room to spread out. After the chance of … They form a beautiful, colorful groundcover because the flowers form along the entire length of each stem. Plants are slightly hardier--to 27° F--than Surfinias, so might be more likely to survive mild winters and serve as short-lived perennials. Because their branching is denser, they are less likely than grandifloras to flop over. I like to grow them in a cutting bed and let the flowers take a starring role in arrangements. They have strong stems that can withstand wind and heavy rain better than grandiflora petunias. Unlike other petunia plants that need clipping and deadheading constantly throughout Place it in the ground all the way up to its soil line. They produce flowers in a broad range of colors including pastels, bright neons, and blends. See more. Apply an all-purpose fertilizer sparingly once a week to the soil using a 10-10-10 solution consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Seed-propagated trailers. Amend the planting spot with some mature compost, and remove all weeds four to five weeks before planting. Unfortunately, there isn’t much you can do in terms of treating this. Supertunias are modern hybrids of P. hybrida with another wild petunia, P. axillaris. Pinch and remove any deadheads or wilted blooms still remaining on the plant. Although some species of petunias are tropical perennials, todays hybrids are usually grown as annuals, so hardi… Petunias are low-growing, bushy to spreading tender perennials usually grown as annuals. After plants are established, pinch back halfway for compact growth. In zones 5 and cooler, some critics have noted a relative lack of vigor. Their soft, thick leaves are slightly sticky to the touch. Despite their many virtues, multifloras are less vigorous than other petunias and not really suited to center stage in the garden. Flowers are about 1-1/2 inches in diameter. Petunias are low-growing, bushy to spreading tender perennials usually grown as annuals. Their vigor can be a problem; it's not easy to find a sufficiently large hanging basket and to keep it watered on hot days. across. Colors include blue, pink, red, rose, salmon, scarlet, white, and pale yellow, plus striped forms of these colors. Grandiflora petunias, for example, have large blooms, up to five inches across. Grandiflora. Their chief virtue is more abundant flowers that have greater resistance to disease and bad weather. Trailing petunias also need sun and well-drained soil, but they need more nitrogen fertilizer than bedding petunias because of their more rapid growth. 'Purple Wave' was the first, and it continues to set the standard of performance, not only when compared with other trailing petunias, but also compared with sister colors in the Wave strain. Pull up your petunias and dispose (don’t compost them, or you will spread the spores). I plant millifloras as a border, spacing them about 8 inches apart. Petunias are easy plants to grow. The flowers can be single, ruffled, or fringed. They are good for containers and hanging baskets and will do fine planted directly in the ground. The breeding required to produce yellow and red varieties results in genetically weaker plants than the naturally hardy purple ones. Not all types of petunias spread like wave petunias. There are hundreds of petunia varieties that grow beautifully all summer long. Cutting-propagated trailers. Most other petunia types will only spread slightly, if at all, especially when grown in pots, hanging baskets or window boxes. It may be difficult to find a place in the garden protected enough to show off grandifloras' full splendor all season. Right now, you may be wondering to yourself, ‘do petunias spread?’. Also marketed under the Flower Fields brand, it has the same vigorous and wide-spreading habit as the Cascadias, but its flowers are a diminutive 3/4 inch in diameter. Sometimes called floribundas, multiflora plants are similar in size to grandifloras, but their flowers are only about 2 inches in diameter. Tobacco budworm is a problem in some areas. Trim any limp or damaged stems down to two inches away from the base of the plant. The trailing types will spread 2 to 3 feet. They don’t require much care, but the few things they do need from the gardener are important. Petunias are one of today’s most popular flowering perennials, even though they are often treated as annuals. 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