Its outflow continues through the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, under the Verrazzano Bridge, and into Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. After its confluence with the Indian River, the Hudson forms the boundary between Essex and Hamilton counties. Includes location map, descriptive index to points of interest, and illus. Hudson River, river in New York state, U.S. The stretches all have similar sailing conditions, and the names were commonly used until the early common use of the steamboat. The fjord is estimated to have formed between 26,000 and 13,300 years ago. The paintings elaborate on the pastoral setting of the Americanlandscape as a country where human beings and nature coexist peacefully.  New Amsterdam was founded at the mouth of the Hudson River, and would later become known as New York City. The overall water quality in the river has improved significantly since the 1990s, however. Short summary describing this location. The river reaches its widest point—3 miles (5 km)—at Haverstraw Bay (between Westchester and Rockland counties) before narrowing again to 0.75 mile (1.2 km) at its mouth. The Troy Union Bridge between Waterford and Troy was the first bridge over the Hudson; built in 1804 and destroyed in 1909; its replacement, the Troy–Waterford Bridge, was built in 1909. The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States. The city of Albany was called "Sturgeondom" or "Sturgeontown" in the 1850s and 1860s, with its residents known as "Sturgeonites". , The first known European name for the river was the Rio San Antonio as named by the Portuguese explorer in Spain's employ, Estêvão Gomes, who explored the Mid-Atlantic coast in 1525. The river narrows considerably here before flowing under the Bear Mountain Bridge, which connects Westchester and Rockland Counties. Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area Map. , Strong tides make parts of New York Harbor difficult and dangerous to navigate.  Also in 2009, the original Poughkeepsie railroad bridge, since abandoned, was converted into the Walkway Over the Hudson, a pedestrian park over the river.  American eels also live in the river before reaching breeding age; for much of this stage they are known as glass eels because of the transparency of their bodies. The river enters the Hudson Valley, flowing along the west bank of Albany and the east bank of Rensselaer.  Another early name for the Hudson used by the Dutch was Rio de Montaigne. There are various hiking trails such as the Hannacroix Creek Preserve Trail and the Long View Park Trail, in addition to the town's very own kayaking launch site located in Cornell Park right on the Hudson River. These species burrow in the sediment and accelerate the breakdown of organic matter. Hudson River Inlay specializes in marquetry (wood, shell and stone) inlaid mirrors, artwork and furniture; designed and crafted in the Hudson River Valley of New York. The river then takes in the Sacandaga River from the Great Sacandaga Lake. The Lenape, Wappinger, and Mahican branches of the Algonquins lived along the river, mostly in peace with the other groups. …in the areas along the Hudson valley, remained slight.…. In 2009, the High Line was opened in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. The oxygen-producing phytoplankton have also been inhibited by the relatively recent invasion of the zebra mussel species. 70 km von New York City. We create safe alternatives and taste profiles that are both traditional and category game changers.  The fish have been off limits from fishing since 1998. Hudson River Foods is a family of brands creating healthier foods for healthier lifestyles. The Hudson's color at Tarrytown once matched the paint applied to vehicles at a General Motors plant there; now such scenes are unthinkable. The Lenape, Wappinger, and Mahican branches of the Algonquins lived along the river, mostly in peace with the other groups.  The detailed and idealized paintings also typically depict a pastoral setting. You will be in the middle of city for celebrating fashion, art, food and culture of New York City and in the prime location to success your business. The river originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York, flows southward through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City. The zebra mussel arrived in the Hudson in 1989 and has spread through the river's freshwater region, reducing photoplankton and river oxygen levels. United States - Hudson River Location - Is there a good place along the NJ side of the Hudson River where one may walk a dog and take a special friend for a … Hudson River and running from the location of EPA’s recommended cleanup action, for almost 200 miles, south as far as Westchester and Rockland Counties. Grand Banks is located aboard the Sherman Zwicker, a large wooden schooner docked at the southwest edge of Hudson River Park's Pier 25 in Tribeca. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1777, Washington expected the British would attempt to control the Hudson River, however they instead conquered Philadelphia, and left a smaller force in New York City, with permission to strike the Hudson Valley at any time. Consider St. James Theatre for a night out, and don't miss American Museum of Natural History, a top local attraction.  As a result, numerous battles were fought along the river and in nearby waterways.  The translated name North River was used in the New York metropolitan area up until the early 1900s, with limited use continuing into the present day. Have you ever looked at the Hudson River and wondered about its history is or where it comes from? Hundreds of factories were built around the Hudson, in towns including Poughkeepise, Newburgh, Kingston, and Hudson.  Just south in Fort Edward, the river reaches its confluence with the Champlain Canal, which historically provided boat traffic between New York City and Montreal and the rest of Eastern Canada via the Hudson, Lake Champlain and the Saint Lawrence Seaway. A group of fishermen formed an organization in 1966 that would later become Riverkeeper, the first member of the Waterkeeper Alliance. The river allowed for fast and easy transport of goods from the interior of the Northeast to the coast. The source of the river is in the Adirondack Mountainsin upstate New York and meanders southward through the Hudson Valley finally reaching the upper New York Bay between New York City and New Jersey. Updates? Location » Hudson River appears in 57 issues. :10, The area around Hudson River was inhabited by indigenous peoples ages before Europeans arrived. , During the American Revolutionary War, the British realized that the river's proximity to Lake George and Lake Champlain would allow their navy to control the water route from Montreal to New York City. Numerous places have been constructed along the Hudson that have since become landmarks. , In conjunction with conservation efforts, the Hudson River region has seen an economic revitalization, especially in favor of green development.  Other kinds of pollution, including mercury contamination and discharges of partially-treated sewage, have also caused problems.  and a mile longer than "Feldspar Brook", which flows out of that lake in the Adirondack Mountains. The Delaware and Hudson Canal meets the river at this point. In 1807, the North River Steamboat (later known as Clermont), became the first commercially successful steamboat. Today, pollution in runoff is the bigger problem. , The benthic zone has species capable of living in soft bottom habitats. He landed on the western shore of the bay and claimed the territory for the Netherlands. "Santanoni Peak, NY" 1:25,000 Topographic Quadrangle, 1999, History of the County of Hudson, Charles H. Winfield, 1874, p. 1-2, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site, Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, National Estuarine Research Reserve System, List of fixed crossings of the Hudson River, List of ferries across the Hudson River to New York City, Marine life of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, Geography of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, List of ferries across the Hudson River in New York City, "Estimates of monthly and annual net discharge, in cubic feet per second, of Hudson River at New York, N.Y.", "Feature Detail Report for: Hudson River", "National Water Quality Assessment Program – The Hudson River Basin", "A Hike to the Source of the Hudson River", "Station 1A: The Source of the Hudson ~ Lake Tear of the Clouds", "Town of Newcomb, Essex County: Historic Tahawus Tract", "Finding the Sources of the Hudson near Upper Works", "Paddling the Upper Hudson and Opalescent Rivers", "Lake Tear of the Clouds – Source of the Hudson River", "Waterfront park/walkway connects Hoboken to Weehawken", New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, "Full text of "Aboriginal place names of New York, "The River's Meaning to Indians, Before and After Hudson", "Some Credit for Henry Hudson, Found in a 280-Year-Old Map", "The Hudson River: Autumn Peace Broods over America's Rhine", "The Lenapes: A study of Hudson Valley Indians", "350 Years Ago, New Amsterdam Became New York. They also gathered other types of plant foods, such as hickory nuts and many other wild fruits and tubers. In saline regions, there are abundant polychaete annelids, amphipods, and some mollusks such as clams. In saltwater areas, the green crab spread in the early 20th century and the Japanese shore crab has become dominant in recent years. Hudson River Miles. For other uses, see, The Hudson River Watershed, including the Hudson and, Articles and topics related to Hudson River, Reception may vary by location and some stations may only be viewable with.  The Hudson River estuary system is part of the National Estuarine Research Reserve System as the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve. The river was originally known as Manhatees, a name given to it by Henry Hudson, who sailed it in 1809 in search of the Northwest Passage. Farther north, it marks local boundaries between several New York counties.  The new Tappan Zee Bridge is the longest in New York, although the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge has a larger main span.  In 1647, Director-General Peter Stuyvesant took over management of the colony, and surrendered it in 1664 to the British, who had invaded the largely-defenseless New Amsterdam. The Hudson River was designated as an American Heritage River in 1997. , New York Harbor, between the Narrows and the George Washington Bridge, has a mix of fresh and ocean water, mixed by wind and tides to create an increasing gradient of salinity from the river's top to its bottom. Federal Dam at Troy, the Hudson River Estuary is measured in river miles. The river is not known as the Hudson until several miles downstream. During the eighteenth century, the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving, the first internationally acclaimed American author. The view from the lantern room offers visitors a majestic view of the Hudson Highlands and Haverstraw Bay reminiscent of the old Hudson River School artists. Map of the Adirondacks Region It was thus a key factor in the growth of the Midwest as well as of New York City. It takes in water from the Hoosic River, which extends into Massachusetts. Hudson River Park’s River Project offers imaginative year-round programming focused on the Hudson River environment. :11 The original Erie Canal, opened in 1825 to connect the Hudson with Lake Erie, emptied into the Hudson at the Albany Basin, just 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the Federal Dam in Troy (at mile 134). Hudson River Valley Tourism: Tripadvisor has 266,632 reviews of Hudson River Valley Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Hudson River Valley resource. Another pedestrian and bike path exists further north, between Dutchess and Ulster Counties: Walkway Over the Hudson, which has a one-way length of 1.2 miles.  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