mealybug host plants

In a bad infestation, their waxy excretions (also known as honeydew) encourages the development of Host Plants: In the garden: A wide range of house and greenhouse plants. tomatoes, eggplant, chilli, melons, potatoes, mungbean) and broadleaf weeds are hosts. The striped mealybug, Ferrisia virgata Cockerell, is a small insect that is a pest of a broad range of plants. The citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) has a world-wide distribution and many and diverse host plants. Selected References (Back to Top) Ahmed NH, Abd-Rabou SM. Mealybug’s Habitat. Pineapple mealybugs are the root cause of many pineapple crop failures, as they cause pineapple wilt (also referred to as mealybug wilt or edge wilt) and mealybug stripe. j. agric. It can be found on the leaves, fruit, or base of the host plants. Like other species in the genus Pseudococcus, odermatt mealybug can feed on a variety of cultivated plants. Description: There are a number of species of mealybugs that can affect plants, although the citrus mealybug and the long-tailed mealybug are probably the most common. This is actually wax that the adult females secrete around themselves to hide within and protect their egg masses. Host plant range of mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley and its migration study.pdf. This mealybug has been found on, and presumably feeds on plants in the families Aizoaceae, Cactaceae, and Crassulaceae (García Morales et al., 2016; Moghaddam, 2015; Williams, 1985). Arif, M., Wazir, S., Rafiq, M., Ghaffar, A. Heavy infestations of mealybug often lead to honeydew contamination of the host plant, which not only makes the plant sticky but also encourages the growth … The papaya mealybug feeds on over 55 plants in more than 25 genera. Other mealybug species such as longtailed mealybug (P. longispinus) or cactus mealybug (Hypogeococcus festerianus) occasionally occur on specific host plants. 64 1-9. ì c. prove causal relationships between phloem composition and mealybug perfonnance, we must complement the analyses by experiments using artificial diets simulating the sap of cassava to test some of the factors presumed … The importance of the grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), as a pest of wine grapes, Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae), has increased as a result of recent reports that it is capable of transmitting at least one of the viruses associated with grapevine leafroll disease. This emphasizes the importance of early and routine scouting of plants for mealybug. They can also be dispersed over large distances by wind, ants, animals, birds or simply during fieldwork activities such as pruning or harvesting. Wilting and stunting are common symptoms of Mexican mealybug attack. They cause damage by sucking the juice from their host plants. Depending on the plant, small populations of mealybugs may not result in significant damage, but higher populations can result in leaf drop. These plants include cultivated and noncultivated species, annuals and perennials. In temperate regions of the world this mealybug poses a problem in greenhouse horticulture, and in the tropics and sub-tropics on outdoor crops. Little else is known about the biology of this species. These species remove plants sap from aboveground plant parts, especially stem tips, leaf junctures and new growth. Most of these belong to the families Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae and Cucurbitaceae. It was recorded from 154 plant species including field crops, vegetables, ornamentals, weeds, bushes and trees. Male mealybug are very different in appearance to the females as they are much smaller, have wings and resemble tiny dark-coloured wasps. Even if you don't see any, it is a good practice is to quarantine new plants for a few weeks before planting them in your garden or introducing them into your home. 2010. A record of 69 host plants of, Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead, 1894) belonging to 36 plant families, comprising 23 fruit trees, 6 vegetable crops, 2 field crops, 2 oil crop, 31 trees and ornamentals and 6 weeds. & Mahmood, R. (2011). To further explain how host plants are identified by the insect, the types of sensory information mealybugs can detect using either the antennae or the labium were first described by Le Rü and colleagues (1995a and b). P. solenopsis is a polyphagous mealybug reported to occur on several hundreds of plant species (Abbas et al. Proximity of the United States and succulent plants are being recorded here for host! ( var families Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae Cucurbitaceae! 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