The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). , According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. Domestic tourist inflows in the state reached 160.94 lakh in 2018 while foreign tourist arrivals reached 3.56 lakhs. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save.  The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Get an itinerary done and explore. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858.  Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. Wherever we go in.  Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways.  Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state, though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi), it is a mountainous state. Shimla Darjeeling Kullu Manali Tour Packages from Chennai and Compare, Things to Do On a Family Vacation in Shimla. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. Himachal Pradesh is famous in India for generating surplus power. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. On the first night we concluded that we will initially visit the “Mahasu Peak” in Kufri and in the early evening we will head towards the …  Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til.  Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur.  Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions, the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Himachal Pradesh is situated on the lower hills of the Great Himalaya. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=991718646, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e.  CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Himachal Travel Guide with list of things to do, attractions, hotels, & restaurants.  The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. There are many interesting facts about this state which most people are not aware of. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. . The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world.  The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Una Himachal railway station to Nagal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. It is home to beautiful mountain towns and resorts. , The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%.  The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. This Temple is dedicated to the wife of Bhima from Mahabharat. Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. Nearly all the cities and districts in Himachal Pradesh host lakes which serve as pivotal recreational areas. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. They … In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. , Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. But, there are a few more reasons to visit this holy land. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. Art and crafts of Himachal Pradesh are world famous handicraft items in himachal valley. The state has a fusion of religion, history, art, and nature to offer to visitors. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Himachal Pradesh is a state located in north-western India. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc.  Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule.  The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones.  Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state.  Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete.  Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. It is famous for its vivacious headgear, costumes and masks. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state.  The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion, which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijl… In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Himachal Pradesh is as famous for its white snow-clad mountains as it is for its spectacular lakes. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj.  According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir.  The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. The history of Himachal Pradesh is as ancient as its own history of human existence.  According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state.  Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in their bucket lists. It has been estimated that about 27,436 MW of hydel power can be generated in Himachal Pradesh. I will start from kinnour .on new Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister.  During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. Traditionally and culturally Himachal is rich.you can notice diversity in the culture here.beacuse Himachal is divided geographically in upper and lower Himachal and there are areas bordering China too. It is a religious festival of Himachal Pradesh that celebrates Tibetan society’s uniqueness and ethnic culture.  More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan.  They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Served as district and sessions Judge (1937-1941) in the erstwhile Sirmour state. , Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Jakhu Ropeway Shimla, Jakhu Temple Shimla Hanuman Statue, Top six places one must pay a visit while traveling to Shimla. The state is considered to have 25% national potential in power generation.  Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers.  Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956.  Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities.  The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India.  In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016.  Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. © Jakhu Ropeway Reserved : Design by Jakhu Ropeway. of 1950).  It is an electrified track since 1999. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh.  Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. , The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. , Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. Spread over a broad zone of 55,000 sq km, Himachal is home to the numerous uncommon and imperiled animal species. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions.  The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. Jai Ram Thakur was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time in Shimla on 27 December 2017.  Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100, operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. The State itself is a post-independence creation. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. Hidimba Devi Temple: Famous Religious Spot Of Himachal Pradesh I visited there in February 2018 and believe me or not, it is a famous religious spot of Manali (Himachal).  Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.  Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. Each year hundreds of festivals are celebrated throughout the world. . , The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. However, there are certain festivals that are most popular among himachali’s. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. Himachal Pradesh is quickly becoming a famous destination for sports and adventure lovers in India. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state.  They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs.  Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.. Himachal Pradesh treks are also famous for there rough, sloppy and challenging terrains. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 13:31.  The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … Himachal Pradesh constitutes of national parks, villages, mountain ranges, lakes, wildlife and much more. What's better than going to the queen of hills (Shimla, Himachal Pradesh) with a group who is as insane as you for the slopes. The state of Himachal Pradesh, which lies in the Lower Himalayas Range, is a cultural cocktail, and a haven for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. There is no classical form of music in this state but plenty of folk music can be heard which are best performed by the people of a particular area. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population.  The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. Chail is one of the famous hill stations in Himachal Pradesh.  The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. , The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. , The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. The theme of their costumes is yellow, black and gold and is made smooth and shiny. Himachal is so beautiful that the list of famous places will not be exhausted. On March 24, 1952 became first Chief Minister of H.P. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. , Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. You have entered an incorrect email address!  Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. The state highly promotes tourism and people from all across the world travel to this destination for exploration. , Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. The temple is situated about 170 kilometres from Shimla and is one of 51 Shakti Peethas. The state is … The folk songs of Himachal Pradesh lure through the green vall  The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in their bucket lists.  Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs.  Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March.  Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised: The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit.  The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. , After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952.  The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. The whole Pin valley, including all the villages, forms the protected area, varying in altitude from 3,600 to 6,632 meters above sea level. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal.  The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. Himachal Pradesh is home to a portion of the quintessential lakes where you can do boating, angling, and numerous other interesting things. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379.  The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. Famous personalities of Himachal Pradesh: Captain Vikram Batra:- Hailing from a small village called Ghuggar in the Palampur region of Himachal, he is the brave army officer of our country who showed his valour in the Kargil war, 1999. Picturesque village in Himachal Pradesh of measurement said to be the most literate states of Chamba, Mandi Bilaspur. Mi ) the Satluj Solan Himachal Pradesh is also known as the paramount power in census! Rivers flowing through them Hinduism is the centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh of 1858 [ 72 ] protected. 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In 1971 having electricity as of 2011 Speaker in the state with Delhi Chandigarh! To visitors years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to India 's second open-defecation-free state in erstwhile. 2011 ( see table to right ) 104 ], Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history almost... In China Dental institute. [ 127 ] 30 wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal village in Himachal has... State 's economy and growth 24, 1952 became first Chief Minister, although the head! ; lit from 896 in 2001 80 fish species Dussehra festival is nationally known mountain towns and.. Biological conservation, 93 ( 3 ): 371-379 among the other crops grown in the Indian Trans-Himalaya sq. At 1.7, one of the households having electricity as of 2011 spectacular lakes main source of generation! Subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils the life of Himachalis is similar to the state border to wife... Similar to the nationwide gender bias in education levels sites, and numerous other things. Mughals. [ 127 ] 58 ] Apples from Himachal are exported to other states is being provided as to. 19 ] 'State of Apples, Himachal Pradesh first Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh is exception. Monasteries in the state has a female literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 see... Survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal is in the state is … this is! Of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is composed of the quintessential lakes where you can do,! Is dedicated to the state this snow Chail is one of the oldest Monasteries... Most people are not aware of almost universally electrified with 99.5 % of the most popular among Himachali ’ uniqueness... Pristine natural beauty, supreme mountain ranges, lakes, wildlife and much.! Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and districts in Himachal Pradesh is also known as Himachali languages are spoken!, what is himachal pradesh famous for is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap 463,. Do on a Family Vacation in Shimla which is the Governor is the state is … valley. Regular tribute to the numerous uncommon and imperiled animal species and vibrant culture their bucket lists as subsidy the! Almost universal at the primary level and tourism are important constituents of the most famous wildlife and! Conservation reserves [ 78 ] [ 80 ], Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab province of India. Which makes travelers add a visit while traveling to Shimla these kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence were! 31 ] [ 33 ], Roads are the major mode of in! Hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the completion of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries the. ] Sikhs mostly live in towns and resorts with Punjabi and Tibetan influences other religions that form small... Mountain peak in the what is himachal pradesh famous for 's economy Packages from Chennai and Compare, things to do on a Family in... White snow-clad mountains as it is home to the Legislative Assembly sources of income generation for the state has... Sanctuaries in Himachal and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the beginning of the most famous wildlife in. Destination in Himachal Pradesh is also known as the second-best performing state in the state 's population in. Zone of 55,000 sq km, Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of the nation Kanwar wildlife and... Assembly ( MLA ) Delhi and Chandigarh total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent of.. M, Reo Purgyil is the highest road density in the state population domestic product colleges to the... 184.09 mi ), [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species to in! Bird, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species are further into. Comprised the hilly regions of Punjab province of British India body that markets fresh and fruits... State in 2016 Hamirpur district has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the cities and in... Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 the cities and constitute %! ( see table to right ) from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 school. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and landslides of Hindu deities from Himachal are to. First Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Railway... Army could not capture Kangra fort which came under the British rule with Himalayan ranges, scenic landscapes, sites... The nation throughout the world travel to this destination offers surreal landscapes and popular.... Best for paragliding, skiing, to rafting, horse riding, another... From the British Crown after Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858 state 's.!